Description

    Republic of Rio Grande - Jose Agustin de la Garza Montemayor Autograph Letter Signed, two and a half pages, 8" x 10", Guerrero, July 26, 1839, in Spanish to Dn. Jesus de la Garza regarding Federalist opposition to Centralist rule. In part: "...for some time we have been prepared, because it has been divulged in these settlements that 400 men are coming from that city to take both banks of the Rio Grande... These preparations have caused much scarcity... and now are almost causing us to take off the mask in spite of our suffering. We are salaried here with 3000 pesos per week, and although we had that suspended during the interim when we favored Monclova, we believe we cannot escape from [that former obligation] if it is not under arms, rather than fleeing. Here fortunately we can count on over 100 decided men, and when we will decide to join [the Federalists]... it is impossible to explain... as soon as a force of a hundred men arrives at this point, everybody, everybody, everybody will volunteer for the government... It is said by reliable sources that Lemus and [Antonio] Canales have gone as far as taking up arms without any impediment, Lemus' people have united with Canales giving command as Gen. in Chief to someone named Analla who then ordered that squads of 200 men go out to harass the government troops... Forty Caigua Comanches asking for peace... this town is bossed by Jose M. Salinas, Manuel Quinto, and the three priests... " Antonio Canales had issued a proclamation in November 1838 in Guerrero calling for a re-adoption of the Federalist constitution of 1824, in direct opposition to the Centralist forces in power. Canales went so far as to seek the support from Republic of Texas President Mirabeau Lamar, hoping that the creation of a Republic of Rio Grande serving as a buffer to Mexico would prove sufficient enticement. Lamar chose to remain neutral, in hopes that Mexico would recognize the Republic of Texas as an independent nation. However, Lamar did concede in allowing the recruitment of Texians into the Federalist forces. Ironically, the participation of these Texians (former Mexican nationals who had chosen to break away from Mexico) created resentment amongst a faction of the Federalists who saw their own revolt only as a means to restore their former constitution. Fabulous content letter with insight in the continuing struggles of the borderlands. With some ink showthrough from verso, not affecting visibility; usual mail folds with minor separations thereat. From the Taking of Texas Collection.

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
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