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    An 1831 Mexican call to arms against "the barbarian Indians our enemies"

    Ramon Musquiz Document Signed. One page in Spanish, 6.5" x 8", November 3, 1831, Bexar [San Antonio], with heading "Office of the Department Chief of Bexar / No. 9/ To Note No. 21", to the alcalde of Goliad. This document contains a transcription of a letter from "His Excellence the Governor of the State, on October 10th" regarding Indian hostilities: "On this date I have transcribed to His Excellence Commander-in-Chief of these States, your communication No. 227 of September 27th, ultimo, whereby you advise me that the hostilities on the part of the Indians . . . have continued in your [Musquiz's] Department. Although the . . . Commander-in-Chief - in his communication . . . in answer to my request that the boldness of said Indians be punished - he says he is getting ready to go to war to this effect . . . I . . . believe that the correction to this situation will be applied in a few days from now, to correct the wrongs that you are afflicting our citizens, our honest citizens."

    After the transcribed letter, Musquiz tells the alcalde why he is sending him this communication: "for your knowledge and for you to pass it on to those honest Citizens, who philosophy and love to the Country has been proved several times . . . we must make sure that when the times of going to war comes - as outlined by the above communication - they will be ready to go against the barbarian Indians our enemies."

    In 1828, Ramon Musquiz was appointed political chief of the Department of Texas by the governor of Coahuila and Texas; he served until 1834. He was favorable to the many U.S. citizens immigrating into Texas by helping them keep their slaves and by protecting them against hostile Indians, as demonstrated in this document. Always loyal to Mexico, though, he assisted with the negotiations between the Mexican Army and the Texian army in San Antonio. Present at the Alamo, he helped identify the Texas dead. Toned with light foxing; fine.

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