DescriptionQueen Elizabeth I Document Signed "Elizabeth R." Two pages, 8.75" x 12", [London], September 4, 1570. Elizabeth I, the youngest daughter of King Henry VIII, was the last of the Tudor monarchs, having never married or had children. She named as her successor, the son of her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots, whom she had executed in February 1587 after discovering a plot Mary had hatched against her. James VI of Scotland was crowned James I of England following Elizabeth's death in 1603.
Upon her ascension in 1559, Elizabeth passed the Act of Supremacy, again separating the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. In February 1570, when this exquisite document was signed, Pope Pius V issued a bull, Regnans in Excelsis, declaring Elizabeth to be "...the pretended Queen of England and the servant of crime." Deemed a heretic, Piux released her subjects from any allegiance owed to her and excommunicated those who remained loyal: "We charge and command all and singular the nobles, subjects, peoples and others afore said that they do not dare obey her orders, mandates and laws. Those who shall act to the contrary we include in the like sentence of excommunication."
Elizabeth's signature is very bold. Water damage throughout, but not affecting the text. Small .75" tear at the lower edge. Upper right corner is damaged with chipping along the right edge.
W.C. Putnam Collection for the benefit of the Acquisition and Conservation Fund of the Putnam Museum.
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