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    Louis XI of France Document Signed "Louis" as king, one page in French on vellum, 13" x 5.25", February 11, 1471, n.p.. Louis XI (1423-1483) was known as Louis the Prudent. He was also informally nicknamed l'universelle aragne (old French for "universal spider"), or the "Spider King." He was King of France (1461 - 1483). He was a member of the Valois Dynasty and one of the most successful kings of France in terms of uniting the country. His 22-year reign was marked by political machinations, spinning a spider's web of plot and intrigue which earned him his nickname. His scheming and love for intrigue made him many enemies, including his own father, his brother, and Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, who was to be his greatest foe. Louis is known to have been shrewd and often vicious. But, in curbing the power of the dukes, he re-established the power of the monarchy, and ensured the survival of the French nation itself. For all his diabolical qualities, he used them to create tremendous good for his country. In fine condition.

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    Auction Dates
    April, 2007
    16th-17th Monday-Tuesday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 7
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