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    Francisco "Pancho" Villa Typed Letter Signed "Francisco Villa." Two pages, 8.5" x 11", in Spanish, on Army of the North letterhead, Chihuahua, October 3, 1915. Having suffered a string of defeats at the hands of Gen. Venustiano Carranza , whom he had been chasing since the spring, Gen. Pancho Villa moved his army north into the Mexican state of Chihuahua, where he received word of the murder of the brother of Gen. Felipe Riveros, governor of Sinaloa: "With great dismay I learned that a member of the military escort of General José Rodriguez treacherously assassinated your beloved brother, Don Jesus. With these lines, I beg you to kindly accept my sentiments of sincere condolence. . . . On my behalf, I assure you with all sincerity that I am going to be very attentive to what you are telling me. And as soon as I catch up to the killers of your brother, they will be punished with all severity, and especially the one nicknamed 'El Chiquirrin,' who will be shot." Folds are weak and separating at the edges, especially on the second page. The uppermost horizontal fold of page two has detached, but is repaired on the verso with tape, resulting in adhesive ghosting on the recto.

    One year earlier, in 1914, Venustiano Carranza, chief of the Revolution and leader of the Constitutional Army with whom Villa had allied himself against Gen. Victoriano Huerta, then president of Mexico, called for a convention to meet in the city of Aguascalientes to settle the differences between the four main generals responsible for overthrowing Huerta (who had himself overthrown President Francisco Madero in 1913). General Eualio Gutierrez was elected president with Villa serving as the commander of the Conventionalist Army. Carranza, for his part, decided to ignore the agreements of the convention. Villa, who hated Carranza and feared that he would set himself up as dictator, reconciled with Gen. Emiliano Zapata and took up arms against Carranza. Carranza fled to Veracruz and Villa and Zapata seized Mexico City.

    Shortly after writing this letter, Villa crossed into Sonora, determined to destroy Carranza. He was again overwhelmed on November 1 at the Second Battle of Agua Prieta and fled back to the mountains of Chihuahua.

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    Auction Dates
    October, 2014
    8th-9th Wednesday-Thursday
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