Francisco "Pancho" Villa Typed Letter Signed Francisco Villa." One page, 8.5" x 11", in Spanish, on Villa's personal letterhead, Aguascalientes [Mexico], May 2, 1915, to Enrique C. Llorente, Mexican representative to the United States. In full and in translation:

    "With your letter of 29 March 29 I was pleased to receive a copy of certain paragraphs of the letter directed to you by Ms. Sarita Pérez, the widow of [former Mexican President Francisco] Madero.

    "Undoubtedly, the generosity and nobility of such a significant recommend her to Mr. Domingo Valdez Llano, Treasurer General of the Federation, regarding his time with the traitor Eulalio Gutierrez. Without a doubt, that is the reason she says that the aforementioned man was obliged to follow the former president on his mad adventure; but you understand that you would need to be very naive to believe that was taken by force; what I truly regret is not having this individual in my hands so that I could turn him over to the courts as he deserves, because if in dealing with soldiers it is thought they are innocently moved to action by deception and frequently do not know what they are getting into, Valdez Llano is entitled to no such excuses."

    In 1914, during the height of the Mexican Revolution, Venustiano Carranza, leader of the Constitutional Army, called for a convention to meet in the city of Aguascalientes to settle the differences between the four main generals who had been responsible for overthrowing General Victoriano Huerta (who had himself overthrown President Francisco Madero in 1913). General Eualio Gutierrez was elected president with Villa serving as the commander of the Conventionalist Army. Outwardly, Villa pretended to accept the presidency of Gutierrez, but a month after the "election," Villa and Emiliano Zapata captured Mexico City, angering Gutierrez who declared the two traitors. He fled to San Luis Potosí and resigned the presidency six months later, escaping with his compatriot, Domingo Valdez Llano, into self-imposed exile in the United States, infuriating Villa. The fact that Madero's widow defends Gutierrez only adds fuel to the fires of anger burning within Villa.

    Light toning, else fine.

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