DescriptionFrancisco "Pancho" Villa Military Order Signed. One page, 8" x 10", in Spanish, "Bustillos," August 29, 1913. Villa, as "the commanding general," was in rebellion against General Victoriano Huerta, a Mexican general who was maneuvering himself to become dictator of Mexico. Here, Villa orders general headquarters to deliver ten Mauser rifles to "Señor Capitán Joaquin Terrazas" to equip his soldiers. Smoothed folds with light toning. Binding holes I the upper left corner.
On the day he made this order, Villa's Division of the North was locked in battle with Huerta's federal forces in the State of Chihuahua. Villa defeated the Federales and captured the cities of Guerrero, Bustillos, and Casas Grandes. His forces, attacking the town of San Andrés, were charging headlong into federal machine gun and artillery fire and the Dorados, as Villa's men were known, needed every gun they could find.
One year later, in 1914, Venustiano Carranza, leader of the Constitutional Army with whom Villa had allied himself against Huerta, called for a convention to meet in the city of Aguascalientes to settle the differences between the four main generals responsible for overthrowing Huerta (who had himself overthrown President Francisco Madero in 1913). General Eualio Gutierrez was elected president with Villa serving as the commander of the Conventionalist Army. Outwardly, Villa pretended to accept the presidency of Gutierrez, but a month after the "election," Villa and Emiliano Zapata captured Mexico City, angering Gutierrez who declared the two traitors. He fled to San Luis Potosí and resigned the presidency six months later into self-imposed exile in the United States.
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