Description

    Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna Important War-Dated Manuscript Letter Signed Signed, "A. L. de Sta Anna," as President of Mexico, 1.5 pages, front and verso, 8" x 10.5". Virreyes, April 4, 1847. In Spanish, partially translated. To General D. Cosme Furlong. In part: "I suppose that you have arrived at that city and are in charge of the General Command for which I especially recommend that the troops in that city that are ready to march to Jalapa, leave immediately, because we must occupy as soon as possible the gullies and other points that should be fortified, since the enemy is giving us time to do so. Come to an agreement with the Governor in order that he give you all the necessary aid for the aforementioned troops to be able to undertake their march and verify their departure, if possible, within one or two days..." Following U.S. General Winfield Scott's victory at Vera Cruz, March 9-27, 1847, Mexican President Santa Anna assumed command of forces in that state and in retreat established his headquarters at Cerro Gordo. This letter was written just a week after Vera Cruz. Two weeks later, on April 18, 1847, near a mountain called Cerro Gordo, the Americans engaged in battle with Santa Anna's troops, who had erected defenses overlooking the Rio Del Plan and the road to Jalapa, 12 miles distant, as ordered by Santa Anna in this letter. Santa Anna's forces were crushed by U.S. forces. The following day, General Scott's army occupied Jalapa without firing a shot. By the Treaty of Hidalgo signed in 1848, Mexico recognized the Rio Grande as the U.S. boundary and ceded territory that became California, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah and parts of Colorado and Wyoming. President of Mexico from 1833-1836, attempting to crush the Texas revolution, Santa Anna seized the Alamo in 1836 but was defeated and captured by General Sam Houston. Again in control of Mexico from 1839-1842, he was made dictator in 1844 but was deposed and exiled in 1845. Santa Anna commanded the Mexican Army in the war with the U.S. (1846-1847) and became provisional President in 1847. Exiled again in 1848, he was recalled and became President again in 1853, serving until he was exiled again in 1855. Living in Cuba, Venezuela, St. Thomas and the U.S., he returned to Mexico City in 1874 and died in poverty two years later. Lightly creased. Folds touch the "S" in "Sta." Fine condition. Accompanied by COA from PSA/DNA.

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    Auction Dates
    April, 2005
    13th Wednesday
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