Description[League of Nations] Chancellor of Austria Kurt von Schuschnigg Typed Manuscript Signed. Austria and the League of Nations. Seven pages, 8.5" x 11", n.p., March 1972. Offered here is a contemporary typed manuscript concerning Austria's participation in the League of Nations in the 1930s, the text of which was originally written by von Schuschnigg in the midst of the violence and chaos of World War II. It reads, in part: "... Austria's participation in the League was very necessary in our own interest, because the Finance Committee of the League controlled our foreign loans. Also, we tried to rid ourselves of the annoying control of Austria's state finances through the League and were successful in doing so in 1936... but this point of view was not shared by Hitler... [who] reproached Austria for having cooperated with the League..." Large, bold signature on final page. Very fine condition.
Kurt von Schuschnigg was Chancellor of the First Austrian Republic from July 1934 until Germany's invasion in March 1938. Although strongly opposed to Hitler's attempts to absorb Austria into the Third Reich, von Schuschnigg was unable to maintain an independent Austria. He was captured by the Germans, imprisoned, and later interned at several Nazi concentration camps. In 1945 von Schuschnigg was liberated by the American Army and spent the remainder of his life in the United States.
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