Description

    [Francisco Vidaurri y Villaseñor] Broadside Decree Prohibiting the Use of Religion to Disturb the Peace. With "Gobierno Supremo del Estado libre de Coahuila y Tejas" printed at top left, one page, 8" x 12", Monclova, June 24, 1834. Signed in type at bottom by Francisco Vidaurri y Villaseñor and with a signed transmittal note on verso by Juan Nepomuceno Seguín.

    First edition of a scarce and historically important Texan decree enacted by the local congress at the end of June 1834 stating that: 1 "the State will not allow that in the name of religion, the tranquility we enjoy is perturbed" citing the death by firing squad of patriot general Vicente Guerrero; 2 "towards this objective, the executive powers will dictate all the necessary measures against [religious] troublemakers to prevent disorders, including their expulsion from the territory"; 3 "the government will impede the arrival of any persons that have been expulsed from other territories, while the present revolution exists in the Republic, and will also expel those who have introduced themselves illegally, after last May 1"; and 4 "will not allow that permanent troops be introduced in the State". With unusual watermark of a female figure holding a banner that reads "BellAmericana". Left margin has a minor chipping, wrinkling, and slight discoloration. Archival tape is used in very small tear well away from affect text.

    Seguín, as political chief of the Department of Bejar, has written on the verso: "Transmitted for the information and printing for the public God and Liberty Bejar, July 17 1834". Juan N. Seguín was an important Mexican-Texan politician and military figure. He was strongly opposed to the centralized government of Santa-Anna and at the initiation of the Texan insurrection Stephen F. Austin named him a Captain in the revolutionary forces. He was later tasked with directing the funeral services for the Alamo dead. He was elected as one of the first senators of the Republic of Texas (the first and only Mexican-Tejano) and was reelected 3 times. He was also elected in 1840 as mayor of San Antonio. In 1974, his remains were taken from Nuevo Laredo, Mexico for reburial on in Seguin, the Texas town named in his honor.

    Governor Vidaurri y Villaseñor did not agree with the fierce centralistic government that was forced by President Santa-Anna in Mexico, and in 1840 was one of the promoters of the failed República de Rio Grande.


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    Auction Dates
    November, 2009
    21st Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
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