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    William H. Carr Diary with Two Photographs. A small diary belonging to William H. Carr of Delaware, who served with the Marine Corps during the Civil War, dating from September 14, 1862 to August 12, 1865. He enlisted at the age of 22 on September 20, 1861 at Philadelphia and served on numerous ships, including the U.S.S. Mercidita, the U.S.S. Ticonderoga, and the U.S.S. Sacramento. He was formally discharged on September 30, 1865 at Boston. During his service, Carr travelled around the world, recording stops at Dover, Boulogne, Holland, Calais, Cadiz, Lisbon, and many other places.

    Carr's diary generally records when and where his ship weighed anchor and when they set sail. However, there are a number of small, interesting events that Carr recorded. On January 31, 1863, Carr's entry reads, "the Rebel Ram 'Palmetto States' came out and before we could get ready for her she gave us a butt that stove a hole in us at the same time fired a gun at that burst our boiler and killed 4 men beside scalding 4 more very badly. As we could do nothing we were forced to surrender. After being paroled we made our way to Port Royal where we arrived the same evening at 6 o'clock." The next entry records that on February 8, 1863, "I visited the famous Iron-clad Steamer 'New Ironsides'", which was commissioned in August 1862 and worked to blockade the southern ports of Charleston and Wilmington from 1863 to 1865.

    By June of 1863, the U.S.S. Mercidita sailed south from the United States and patrolled the waters of the Caribbean. On June 29, 1863, Carr writes, "Came to anchor at Blanquilla Island at 4 P.M. on the 29th and hoisted the Confederate Flag. Had 'Target Practice' on the 30th with the 'Secesh' flag flying at the 'peak' and left the island on the 1st of July."

    The Mercidita remained in the Caribbean for another two months before returning to the United States, arriving on September 1863 in the Capes of Delaware. After being posted to Philadelphia and Boston barracks for a period, Carr was transferred to the U.S.S. Sacramento. He writes on January 20, 1864, "...left the barracks at Charleston Navy Yard to join the U.S. Steamer 'Sacramento' on Saturday we got up anchor and steamed down the bay on a trial trip and returned the same eve'g." He continues in the next entry, "On Tuesday Feb'y 2nd 1864 at 11 A.M. we weighed anchor and left the Navy Yard Boston Mass. and put to sea on Tuesday the 9th at 5.15 A.M. A sailor named Albert M. Pike died and was buried on the same day at sunset."

    From this point, Carr's diary records his travels through the Caribbean and around South America and Africa before the U.S.S. Sacramento eventually set sail across the Pacific Ocean to Europe. At the back of his diary are small pencil sketches of the landscapes he saw during his travels. These include Tenerife in the Canary Islands, Table Mountain in Cape Town, Sugarloaf Mountain in Brazil, Mount Pico on the Azores, the Tower at Santa Cruz, Wellington's Head on the Cape Verde Islands, and St. Paul de Loando in Africa. There are also a number of record entries of work shifts, expenses, etc. at the back of the diary.

    Also included with the diary are two photographs of William Carr during his service in the Navy. The first image is a tintype of a young Carr, 2.5" x 3", undated, with a back stamp for William F. Hunter, Photographer, Brooklyn, NY. Carr is dressed in his naval uniform and seated next to a table. On the table rests his naval hat. The second image is a carte de visite, 2.5" x 4", undated. This photograph shows a slightly older, bearded Carr, who is proudly standing in his uniform. This is a small, yet interesting look into the life and movements of a naval officer during the Civil War, and provides a look at the amount of travel that these men experienced.

    Condition: Heavy wear to the diary cover. There are a few loose pages at the back of the diary. Some pages have light foxing and toning. The pencil writing and sketches have smudged in some places. The CDV is toned, with minor wear and light soiling at edges. The tintype has imperfections along the bottom edge, and the corners have been clipped.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    May, 2019
    14th Tuesday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 6
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 824

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