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    Thomas Ruger Autograph Manuscript Signed. Fifteen and one-third pages, n. p., n. d. [likely circa 1868]. In this manuscript, Ruger writes in the first person the details of his Civil War military career as a Union officer, brevetted a major general of volunteers in November 1864. Several pages of the manuscript are written on letterhead reading, "Headquarters Department of North Carolina."

    Ruger pens at the beginning of the manuscript, "My military history during the war is brief as follows." He begins with his commission as a "Lieut. Col. of the 8th Regt. Wis. Vol. Infy in the Month of May and Mustered into service as such on the 29th day of June 1861." He was quickly promoted to colonel with an initial assignment to "arrest the members of and prevent the organization of the Legislature of Maryland." In the manuscript, he lists and describes the battles in which he commanded a regiment, including the First Battle of Winchester, the Battle of Cedar Mountain, the Battle of Antietam (here, his regiment suffered huge causalities, "killed & wounded over half its numbers present on the field"), Battle of Chancellorsville ("my brigade was actively Engaged and suffered severe loss"), the Battle of Gettysburg ("At the battle of Gettysburg I commanded the 1st Div. 12th Corps. . . . The Div occupied the right of the main line and was actively Engaged in operations on that part of the field particularly in the struggle for about 'Culps Hill' in the 3rd day"), the Atlanta Campaign, and the Battle of Franklin. He was also with General Sherman in the Carolinas Campaign. At the end of the war, he and his division were stationed in Charlotte, North Carolina, until June 1865. Throughout the war, Ruger served in various states, including Virginia, Tennessee ("against the Rebel Gen. [John Bell] Hood"], North Carolina, Florida, and Georgia. Ruger was "promoted April 4th 1863 to Brig. Genl. of Vols . . . on recommendation of Maj. Gen. Slocum." Some of the information in the manuscript is repeated, which likely means that at least two drafts are represented here.

    Thomas H. Ruger (1833-1907), a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, reenlisted in the volunteer army with the outbreak of the Civil War and is most noted for his service at the battles of Antietam, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. He remained in the regular army after the war and was brevetted brigadier general for his actions at Gettysburg. He served as the military governor of Georgia and as head of the Department of the South during Reconstruction, becoming the superintendent of the U. S. Military Academy (1871-1876) before being posted on the frontier. This manuscript has been well preserved. The ink is bold and clear. Included is an envelope in which the manuscript was originally kept and on which is written in ink, "Brief Sketch of Military life during war." Also included is a document (one page) on "Headquarters Department of North Carolina" letterhead regarding a "Marshal of the City of Wilimington" named "Ransom" for "challenging an officer of the 37, U.S.C.T. to fight a duel."

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    October, 2013
    17th-18th Thursday-Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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