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    Seneca Indian Chief N. T. Strong Document Signed. Two pages, 7.5" x 9.5", September 16, 1848, Cattaraugus Reservation "Near Irving [New York]". Chief N. T. Strong provides information in this document to "R. H. Shankland, Esq., U.S. Agent Ind. Affairs. Cattaraugus Co. NY" concerning a Seneca Nation census at Cattaraugus Reservation. In part: "We have no correct data for this year for the necessary statistics of the New York Indians, indeed we have not had since the report . . . to the Legislature of the state of New York in 1846." Strong then provides a count of eight Indian tribes living on the reservation: "Buffalo Senecas 446/ Cattaraugus 808/ Alleghany 783. . . ." He also gives information on "the number of acres of the improved land in the Reservation", as well as the numbers of bushels of wheat, corn, potatoes, turnips, and oats along with the number of animals, "ploughs", and more. Strong concludes by writing, "I think to show the progress of the Indians towards civilization, so far as the cultivation of land is concerned. I confess it is imperfect one, but the last and the most correct." The reservation was created six years earlier following a treaty between the U.S. and the Seneca (also signed by Strong). Toned with folds. The ink has slightly faded, though easily legible. Very good.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    February, 2010
    11th-12th Thursday-Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
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