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    Robert Anderson Autograph Letter Signed. Four pages, 5.25" x 8.25", Fort Sumter [South Carolina], February 9, 1861. Following the secession of South Carolina in December 1860, Major Robert Anderson removed his command from Fort Moultrie to the more easily defended Fort Sumter. Four days after the formation of the Confederate States of America, Anderson sent this letter to lawyer John B. Murray of New York thanking him for the "bountiful supply of paper, envelopes, and pens you were kind enough to send."

    The letter quickly takes on a more serious tone as Anderson relates the hard life the garrison has been experiencing being now surrounded by enemies. "I trust that we shall not be again reduced to the necessity of having to resort to so low a diet, as I am now at liberty to procure some articles of groceries from the city. There is, among a certain class of persons in Charleston, a very bitter feeling towards me and my command and they canvass with asperity every act of the Government which savours[?] of civility towards us. Believing that the Governor is disposed to act the part of a humane man in his intercourse with us, I make it rule to refrain from making such demands on the grocer or the market as will attract attention and cause feeling against the Government. I think, though, that by the exercise of a little discretion we shall, by the blessing of God, get along very well, as long as the present lull lasts. No one can tell when there may be a change, and then you will probably have exciting news from Charleston." Smoothed folds; beginnings of separation at the edges of the folds. Small spot of staining at the upper right edge of the first page. Left edge is chipped on page three and one small hole is present at the lower right corner.

    After numerous calls for him to surrender the fort, all of which were rejected, Major Anderson was issued an ultimatum. On April 11, 1861, Confederate Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard sent three aides with demands to surrender the fort or face assault. Anderson declined and at 4:30 a.m. the following morning, the Confederate battery opened fire. The Civil War had begun in earnest.

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2014
    7th Saturday
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