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    Description

    Uncommon collection of Civil War-dated papers belonging to a Confederate surgeon

    Confederate Surgeon William Tucker Archive, containing numerous Civil War-dated documents and letters associated with Confederate Dr. William Tucker, who served as an assistant surgeon under Surgeon Emmet Woodward in the 154th Tennessee Infantry Regiment. This archive contains significant details of battles, troop movements, the names and condition of the wounded, and much more-many of the documents are related to the Battle of Shiloh.

    The archive includes the following signed documents and letters:
    Confederate Secretary of War James Seddon Appointment Signed, dated August 25, 1863, partly-printed, appointing Dr. Tucker "Surgeon In the Provisional Army in the Service of the Confederate States."
    General Benjamin F. Cheatham Letter Signed, April 4 [n. y.], directing Dr. Tucker to "remain at Corinth in charge of Convalescents sick."
    General Thomas H. Jordan Endorsement Signed, April 6, 1862, allowing Dr. Tucker to rejoin his regiment.
    General Marcus J. Wright Letter Signed, April 3, 1862, ordering Dr. Woodward to "read the within General Order & if there be still any sick men in our camp that in your opinion should be sent to Bethel, report them at once." (The general order is on the verso.)
    General Marcus J. Wright Autograph Letter Signed, April 4, 1862, from Purdy, Tennessee, just two days before the Battle of Shiloh. Wright informs Dr. Tucker that the army is moving from Purdy to Bethel [Station?] and the doctor should report to General Albert S. Johnston or General Benjamin F. Cheatham

    Also included are the following:
    Battle of Shiloh Doctor's Report (possibly Dr. Tucker's) written in pencil following the Battle of Shiloh, addressed to General [Leonidas] Polk (two and one-half pages), giving intriguing details of the doctor's visits to the Confederate hospitals in the area.
    Statement of Parole reading, "I, the undersigned Prisoner of War . . . do hereby give my solemn Parole of Honor that I will not hereafter serve in the Armies of the Confederate States . . . or render aid to the enemies" of the United States, signed by W. D. Tucker on May 13, 1865.
    Battle of Corinth Manuscript, four pages, with details of the battle.

    Numerous general orders are included, one issued to insure that the sick in the Confederate army hospitals "be held in readiness for removal at an hours notice." Other orders issued prompt Doctors Tucker and Woodward to report casualties (e.g., "You are required to make to make [sic] a prompt report of the casualties in the battle of Shiloh which your regiment sustained").

    Numerous sick/wounded/killed reports are included, mostly listing men according to companies with conditions such as "old stab," dysentery, "Diarrhuea," dropsy. Several reports are included for various companies in the 154th Regiment dated on or around April 10, 1862-three days after the Battle of Shiloh-listing the killed and wounded from the battle. Comments about the wounded include, "wounded slightly in leg with shell"; "severely badly in the arm with ball"; "severely badly in face with ball"; etc. Some reports are comprised of columns that list much more information, including the soldier's name, wound, "nature," "when mustered," where, eye color, complexion, hair color, height, age, rank, and residence.

    Also included are many military letters (such as one dated 1862 regarding a post surgeon "being intoxicated" and thus "unfit and unreliable in this Hospital," signed by Sam Harris, Surgeon in Charge); notes about hospitals, which detail the numbers of patients and lists of supplies; a certificate allowing Tucker to carry "One Revolver Pistol," dated June 1865; battle reports; telegraphs; invoices; special orders (printed and handwritten); military orders; military appointments; Dr. Tucker's calling card; military passes; pre-Civil War doctor bills; and a scrapbook with numerous pages of newspaper and magazine clippings about the Civil War (most clippings are affixed to scrapbook pages and appear to be from the 1930s and 1940s, but some are as early as 1870).

    Confederate Surgeon William D. Tucker (1841-1918) from Marshall, Mississippi, served in the 154th Tennessee Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to surgeon in 1863. The 154th fought at the major Battles of Shiloh, Corinth, Stone's River, and Chickamauga. It surrendered to the Union on May 2, 1865, at Greensboro, North Carolina. All manuscripts in this archive are kept in three books (two photo albums and one scrapbook). Items have been well cared for and preserved.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    October, 2013
    17th-18th Thursday-Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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