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    Confederate General Richard Ewell Autograph Letter Signed (ALS) Signed Three Times!
    ALS, Head Quarters Department of Richmond, June 19, 1864, 3 1/2 pp., 5 1/2" x 8 3/4", tipped to large page, writing light, in full to General Braxton Bragg: "General, There are two Battalions of Artillery under Col. Carter along the line of the Chickahominy, left by Gen. R.E. Lee. I have informed Ge, Hampton of this and requested him to send a Calvary escort to take charge of the Batteries that will be sent to his assistance, as I have no support to send him. The locals and Reserves being at Chaffin's Bluff - By Gen Lee's order.

    "I will notify Col. Carter that Gen Hampton will call on him at Bottom's Bridge for one or two Batteries - ans Lt. Col. Pemberton will be ordered to send two Batteries to that point to be ready either to go to White House or take the place of the Batteries of Carter's Battalion, as may be most expedient. Unfortunately I have no Infantry support that I could send with the Batteries. A letter from Gen. Hampton to Gen. Lee corresponding with that sent you was forwarded today to Gem. Lee. Respy, R.S. Ewell Lt. Genl". Ewell adds two post scripts to General Bragg, in full: "P.S. Col. Pemberton will send horses from his Batteries to take the guns from Carter's Battalions in case Carters horses are broke down - as I think Col. Carter has 20lb. parrots - which I have not. Respy R.S. Ewell Lt. Genl". The adds a post post script, in full: "P.P.S. There is one Regt Coy Ala here which might go but it could not reach in time - Pemberton may take his own guns, or merely horses to attach to some of Carters, RSE".

    When Ewell took over the defense of Richmond in mid-June 1864, he found not only a city crumbling from four years of constant warfare but also a national capital facing a worsening military situation. Since the summer of 1861, Abraham Lincoln's war machine had targeted Richmond for capture and destruction. This jewel of the Southland had become-at least in the Northern psyche-the great symbol of Southern nationhood, and now with Grant's armies poised within sight of city spires, Ewell was summoned to save it from annihilation.

    In April 1865, as Ewell and his troops were retreating a great many fires in Richmond were started, although it is unclear by whose orders the fires were started. Ewell blamed the plundering mobs of civilians for burning a tobacco warehouse, which was a significant source of the fire, but Nelson Lankford, author of Richmond Burning, wrote that Ewell convinced few people that the great fire had nothing to do with his men or their deliberate demolition of the warehouses and bridges through military orders passed down the chain of command. These fires created The Great Conflagration of Richmond, which left a third of the city destroyed, including all of the business district. Ewell and his troops were then surrounded and captured at Sailor's Creek. This was a few days before Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House. He was held as a prisoner of war at Fort Warren in Boston Harbor until July 1865.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    November, 2019
    2nd Saturday
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