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    3rd Wisconsin Battle Report. Fair copy, three pages, 8" x 10", "Head Quarters 3d Wis. Vols. Camp Near Williamsport Md.," June 2, 1862, from Captain Edwin L. Hubbard, "Commdg. C. G. 3d Wis. Vols.," to Colonel Thomas H. Ruger, "Commdg 3d Wis Vols." In the Blue Ridge Mountains near the Shenandoah River, Captain Hubbard's company of 3rd Wisconsin Volunteers encountered the enemy on May 23, two days before the First Battle of Winchester.

    Captain Hubbard reports that "on the 23d May 1862 my Company in conjunction with a company of the 27th Indiana had an engagement with the Enemy at Buckton bridge on the Manassas Gap railroad. We were attacked by 5 Companys of the Enemies Cavalry at or about 3 and one half O'Clock P.M." As soon as he heard firing, Hubbard formed his company and rushed to the aid of an Indiana Company, which was "sorely pressed by an overwhelming force of the enemy. I rushed over the bridge to their assistance and succeeded in holding the Enemy in check till the Ind. Co. could form when discovering movements indicating a design to surround us, while the Enemy were pouring a hot fire into us." The Union companies withdrew a short distance, taking cover by laying behind a railroad. Presently the Confederate cavalry drew up and exchanged fire with the Union army. "The [3rd Wisconsin and Indiana Company] boys lying inclined along the embankment met them with a steady fire when the Enemy being repulsed retreated back. . . . . After an interval of a few minutes the Enemy made another dash upon us, but were again greeted by the steady unnerving fire of the boys and again were they repulsed with a heavy loss." Hubbard compared his small casualty numbers (ten) to the higher casualty numbers of the enemy (over twenty, as told him by a prisoner). Near the end of the report, he praises the "courage steadiness and even cool nonchalance of my men as well as those of the Ind. boys." Interestingly, the captain writes that "negroes" in the area had given him some helpful intelligence: "Flitting rumours had come to us for days previous from the negroes of the presence of the Enemy a few miles away."

    Twenty-five miles north and two days later at the Battle of Winchester, the Confederates won an important victory in the Shenandoah Valley at the First Battle of Winchester, which pitted Stonewall Jackson's much larger Confederate force against Nathaniel Banks' Union force. After the defeat, the Union army retreated north, crossing the Potomac River into Maryland at Williamsport, where Captain Hubbard wrote this report. On lined, age-toned paper, with usual folds. The text is boldly and clearly written. Included is the transmittal envelope addressed to "Col. Thos. H. Ruger / Commdg 3rd Regt. Wis. Vols." Some expected stains and wear.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    October, 2013
    17th-18th Thursday-Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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