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    [Valentine McGillycuddy]. Indian Agency Letters (5), 1870s and 1880s, regarding Sioux agencies in the Dakota Territory shortly after the Great Sioux War of 1876-1877. Two of the letters are signed by the controversial Sioux Indian agent, Dr. Valentine McGillycuddy. This collection contains the following letters:

    1. One and one-half pages, 8" x 10.5", "Lower Brule Agency", May 4, 1877, written to "U.S. Indian Agent Spotted Tail Agency, DT." by "E. Dougherty, U.S. Army" only months before the surrender of Crazy Horse at the Spotted Tail agency. While "hunting on the East side of the River", Dougherty's horse had escaped toward an Indian village at Crow Creek. By the time Dougherty had arrived at the village, his "gun had been taken off by someone of the Indians." In this letter, he asks the agent at the agency to "be so good as to cause your interpreter and Employee to keep a watch for it and seize it and hold it." This letter exhibits some dampstaining along the right side. Docketing on verso.
    2. One page, 8" x 10", Yankton, Dakota Territory, May 11, 1878, to Lieutenant Jesse M. Lee ("Acting U.S. Indian Agent, Spotted Tail Agency") from William J. Pollock ("Supt. Indian Affairs") concerning the enforcement of "Article 7 of the Agreement of 1876 amending the Sioux Treaty . . . which fact you are instructed to advise the traders at your agency." Handwritten on "Office of the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Dakota Superintendency." Docketing on verso.
    3. One page, 8" x 10", Rosebud Agency, Dakota Territory, January 24, 1879, to Captain Theodore Schwann ("Act'g U.S. Indian Agent") at the Cheyenne R. Agency by Special Agent William J. Pollock requesting that Crow Eagle, Bad Arm, and Leading White Cow be allowed to transfer "to this Agency, where most of their relatives now reside." Docketing on verso.
    4. One page, 8" x 9.75", Pine Ridge Agency, Dakota Territory, July 1, 1879, to Major C. Newell by Valentine McGillycuddy concerning "arrangements for putting up hay" for use by the Indians. On "United States Indian Service" letterhead and signed by McGillycuddy. Docketing on verso.
    5. One page, 8" x 9.75", Pine Ridge Agency [Dakota Territory], June 12, 1884, to General John Cook ("U.S. Indian Agt.") by Valentine T. McGillycuddy ("U.S. Indian Agt.") concerning a complaint by Chief Three Stars: "his wife Runs-After-the-Man . . . for whom he paid two horses and $90.00 was recently stolen by some one at your agency. He requests some information from Big Turkey regarding the larceny of the above person his property and wishes to know if the individual who abducted her will reimburse him." Signed by McGillycuddy.

    Additionally included are two letters (1933) between Pine Ridge Indian Agency Superintendent James McGregor and Julia McGillycuddy, the wife of Valentine McGillycuddy. The letters include the translation of Sioux words to be used in her upcoming biography, McGillycuddy, Agent (1942; later republished as Blood on the Moon). Also included is a printed letter (August 1884) to the editor of the Springfield Republican written by U.S. Senator Henry L. Dawes defending Agent McGillycuddy against recent press reports.

    Dr. Valentine T. McGillycuddy (1849-1939) served as the head of the Pine Ridge Agency in Dakota Territory from 1879-1886. He was known for fighting against corruption and publicly quarreling with Chief Red Cloud. He treated the Sioux Chief Crazy Horse on his deathbed in September 1877.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    October, 2010
    23rd Saturday
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