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    [Texas Rangers]. U.S. Army Assistant Surgeon Lyman Stone Autograph Letter Signed. Three pages, 8" x 10", "El Paso del Norte Texas," August 24, 1850, to N. S. James regarding the death of Texas Ranger John Glanton, who had transformed into a notorious outlaw.

    Surgeon Stone had been in Texas for about one year when he wrote this letter informing his reader that he had recently received news of "the death of John Glanton on the Rio Gila (thank God For it)." Glanton, a veteran of the Texas Revolution, had joined Jack Hays' Ranger company, serving as a scout during the Mexican War. After the war, he served in various Ranger companies, first under Rip Ford then Benjamin Hill. During that time, he killed at least two men. In 1849 and 1850, he and his gang attacked Indians and Mexicans near El Paso; later, they began killing and robbing Anglos. A group of Yuma Indians eventually attacked the gang, killing and scalping Glanton.

    Stone also passed on news of "the death of Gen. Taylor, the failure of the Cuban expedition . . . the raising of 8 companies of mounted men in Texas to march under the Governor upon Santa Fe to subdue their rebellious subjects in that vicinity. I hope this movement will not take place, as I fear they will come in contact with the Army and it always affects the army badly to come in collision with the people."

    A native of Vermont, Surgeon Stone found some characteristics in the new state of Texas "queer": "At this place we are under the laws of Texas in a queer sort of style, that is we have Texas appointed Justices &c. though law is rather scarce. California bound emigrants continually pass through here on their way thither. I understand that there are now 250 coming with the train from San Antonio. The people about here are looking for gold on the Rio Gila. There have been . . . some gold found."

    Stone remained with the U.S. Army throughout the Civil War, mustering out as a surgeon in 1866. This letter exhibits smoothed folds with minor soiling. A minor tear occurs along one fold on the final page.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    September, 2013
    21st Saturday
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