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    Description

    [Santa Fe Expedition]. Hugh McLeod Twice Signed Document. One page, 7 7/8" x 9 7/8", Austin, [Texas]; June 7, 1841. A requisition for forage for use during the Santa Fe Expedition: "Requisition on Qr Master Genl Department for forage for Eight Oxen for thirty-six days-for the use of Santa Fe Expedition / Required 72 Bushell [sic] Corn."

    McLeod endorses that the quantities are correct: "I certify on honor that the above forage is required & necessary for the use above stated / H McLeod / Col Comd." He signs the document a second, acknowledging that he has received the goods: "Received of ...Qr Master Genl the above requisition in full. H McLeod / Col Comd." From the Robert E. Davis Collection.

    Condition: The document has two horizontal folds, which have been reinforced on verso. A wax seal remains at top left corner, and a filing docket on verso.


    More Information:

    Hugh McLeod (1814-1862), soldier and legislator of the Republic of Texas, was born in New York City. He entered West Point in 1831, graduating last in a class of fifty-six in 1835, and was breveted second lieutenant in the Third United States Infantry in September 1835. Wishing to join the Texas revolution, McLeod resigned his United States Army commission in June 1836, and advanced rapidly in rank in the army of the Republic of Texas, becoming adjutant general in December 1837 and adjutant and inspector general in 1840. He was appointed commander of the military component of the Texan Santa Fe expedition by President Mirabeau B. Lamar, and would receive commission as brigadier general on June 17, 1841. McLeod fell ill, which delayed the expedition and may have contributed to its failure. He was captured along with the rest of the expedition and interned at Perote Prison through the summer of 1842.

    The Texan Santa Fe Expedition grew out of Texas' need for trade. President Lamar hoped to divert to Texas at least a part of the trade then carried over the Santa Fe Trail as well as establish Texas jurisdiction over the Santa Fe area. The Republic of Texas had laid claim over the area by an act of December 19, 1836; but the claim was never asserted. The expedition sought to not only influence trade, but also convince New Mexican settlements to approve a change in government. A call for volunteers was issued, and merchants were promised transportation and protection for their goods to Santa Fe. McLeod was selected to command the military force, to protect the merchants. Twenty-one ox-drawn wagons carried the supplies as well as the merchandise of the traders, which was valued at $200,000. The Texans had expected to be welcomed by the citizens of New Mexico but ended up being captured by the army of Governor Manuel Armijo of New Mexico. The capture of the Texans was the subject of heated diplomatic controversy between the United States and Mexico; the prisoners were finally released in April 1842.



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    March, 2017
    24th Friday
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