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    [Orlando H. Ross]. William T. Sherman Autograph Letter Signed and Archive. Captain Orlando H. Ross, a cousin of General Ulysses S. Grant serving as aide-de-camp on his staff, resigned his commission on September 7, 1864, and promptly left the army. Following his departure, he requested permission from the Treasury Department to open a military supply store in Vicksburg, with the endorsements of Generals Grant and William T. Sherman, while simultaneously pursuing a contract with the Federal government to place sleeping cars on the rail lines running throughout the Military Division of the Mississippi.

    Comprised of twelve documents (letters, telegrams, contracts, etc.) spanning the months after Ross' departure from the army, September 1864 through March 1865. Of note is a William T. Sherman Autograph Letter Signed "W. T. Sherman." One page with integral blank, 5" x 8", Atlanta, September 24, 1864. Written three weeks after his capture of Atlanta, Sherman is addressing Treasury Agent William P. Mellen on behalf of Orlando H. Ross. In part: "Mr. O H Ross, late A.D.C. on Gen Grants staff desires to engage in business at Nashville, Memphis, or Vicksburg." On the blank, Ross has written a note, in pencil, which he will later telegraph to Sherman in response: "Your request to Mr. Mellen is in general terms. I want a request to him to give me a military supply store at Vicksburg. Please telegraph him to that effect, and it will be sufficient." Folds with scattered spots of foxing.

    Capt. Ross was granted authority to open a supply store at Natchez, Mississippi, and, while there, enlisted in Company G, 3d Regiment, Enrolled Militia. After the war, he was appointed a route agent of the Post Office Department on the railway between Knoxville and Chattanooga. In the early 1870s, he received a job in the Treasury Department as a recorder of deeds.


    More Information:

    S. F. Chalfin Letter Signed. One page, 5" x 7.75", Washington, September 7, 1864, informing Orlando H. Ross that his resignation "has been accepted by the President of the United States."

    Fair Copy of S. F. Chalfin Letter Signed. One page, 7.75" x 9.75", on Pay Department U. S. Army letterhead, Washington, September 9, 1864, to Captain Orlando H. Ross informing him that his "resignation has been accepted by the President of the United States."

    Orlando H. Ross Autograph Letter Signed "O. H. Ross." Three integral pages, 7.75" x 9.75", Cincinnati, September 26, 1864, to William T. Sherman regarding a potential contract between himself and the government to "place sleeping cars, in sufficient number to answer the requirements of travel, upon the military railways of the Division of the Mississippi." He continues by outlining his proposal in seven points.

    Orlando H. Ross Autograph Contract Signed. Seven integral pages, 7.75" x 9.75", Chattanooga, September 28, 1864. Ross and L. Curry of Chicago to "each use their individual and united efforts to secure from the proper military authorities, permission to place sleeping cars on the military railways of the United States" and "in no case shall either of the parties to this agreement, procure, possess, or own any divided, or undivided, interest in any contract with the US Government." Contract is outlined in nine points.

    Orlando H. Ross Autograph Letter Signed. One page with integral blank, 4.5" x 7.5", Cincinnati, October 18, 1864, to William T. Sherman asking him to telegraph Treasury Agent William P. Mellen and "request him to give me a military supply store at Vicksburg."

    Fair Copy of a William T. Sherman Telegraph. One page, 4.75" x 7.5", "Grayesville [Georgia]," October 24, 1864, to Treasury Agent William P. Mellen. In full: "I cannot commit myself to distinct recommendations in such matters trade when allowed should be free & open to all - but I am willing that Capt Ross should be among the most favored."

    G. H. Fish Autograph Letter of Introduction Signed. One page, 4.75" x 7.75", Louisville, November 29, 1864, to G. N. Carleton, Surveyor of Customs for Memphis. In part: "He [Ross] has a Permit for Vicksburg and wishes to avoid any trouble at Memphis in his shipments."

    Special Pass, No. 58. One partially printed page, 7.75" x 10", Vicksburg, December 6, 1864. Good for thirty days to "pass Mr. O. H. Ross within city limits & on board all steamers arriving at this port until 10 P.M."

    Authorization Document Signed. Two integral pages, 8" x 12.5", Cincinnati, December 29, 1864, giving Orlando H. Ross the authority to open a military supply store in Natchez, Mississippi.

    Autograph Letter of Introduction. One page, 7.5" x 9.75", Vicksburg, February 27, 1865, to Treasury Agent Richardson in Natchez, Mississippi, introducing Orlando H. Ross who "has served faithfully during three years of the Rebellion and is well deserving of any privilege or kindness you may be able to confer upon him."

    Lester C. Hubbard Autograph Field Pass Signed. One page, 8.5" x 11", Natchez, March 7, 1865, ordering the guards and patrols to "Pass Mr. Ross (late Captain and A.D.C.) through the City at all hours." Hubbard was captain in the 49th Infantry United States Colored Infantry.



    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    October, 2013
    17th-18th Thursday-Friday
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