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    [Mexican War] - Pennsylvania Regiment Soldier's Letters. Group of five letters by Alex (1) and Chauncey Brown of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 14pp. total, various sizes (4to and folio), from different locations, and dated 1846 though 1848; all written to their sister Emma. In a letter written from Pittsburgh, Dec. 21, 1846, brother Alex sends news of his appointment and their departure for New Orleans: "Chance leave here this day at 12 oclock for New Orleans... I leave here myself on to morrow at 3 oclock. I take pleasure to inform you that I have been appointed By the Colonel Adjutant of the Regiment..." Chance writes from various posts throughout Mexico as the war proceeds: "Island of Lobos. Feb. 22n 1847... We were boarded by an officer of the sloop of War St. Mary, with an order from Gen Scott to report to him on shore...He was much pleased to see us; and quite astonished at Pennsylvanians, coming from so great a distance, being ahead of the whole Union... amongst the officers was Major Van Buren, son of the ex- President... Gen Scott arrived yesterday in a steamer... he has... issued some orders, among them one for the Louisiana and Mississippi regiments to re-embark the former to proceed to Tampico, the latter to the Rio Grande which has created no little disappointment... [as it] completely cuts them off from all action service against the enemy... In the course of 8 or 10 days we will leave here... for Antonio Lizardo, about 12 miles below Vera Cruz [sic], preparatory to making an attack on that city... Castle of Perote. May 10, 1847... We marched from Vera Cruz [sic] on the 9th of last month, and after whiping [sic] the Mexicans, again, at the celebrated pass of "Cerro Gordo" on the 18th... Castle of Perote, Oct. 4, 1847... we hear very little of the news which you in the United States receive in consequence of the road to the city of Mexico being full of the enemy and therefore impossible except by large bodies of troops... Gen. Scott sends all his dispatches by Mexicans and they do not travel this road. We know very little of the particulars of the great battle fought near the capitol. Col. Butler of the S. Carolina Volunteers is reported to have been killed - his regiment having suffered greatly. Gen Lane arrived today with something like 4000 men on his way to Puebla... If I am fortunate I shall see the 'Halls of Montezuma' yet... Castle Perote. Jan. 15, 1848... Well Christmas eve is a great holiday here. The surrounding hills were illuminated in the evening by large bonfires that could be seen at the distance... some of the 'senoritas' had got up a 'fandango' and there went a party of us. After dancing 'polkas', 'quadros', and 'walzes' till 1 oclock the party broke up... New Year's eve Col. Wright told me to fire 30 guns at 12 oclock - at that hour we 'blazed away' and the poor Mexicans were half frightened to death; the whole town in an uproar - numbers of them left their home and run to the plaza - certain that we were attacked or were about to demolish the town..." Much more good content describing the landscape of Mexico and customs of the people. Overall condition is near fine with a few ink burns to a single letter, and toning stain and tear to bottom of Alex Brown's letter. Four of the letters have attached address covers bearing postal cancellations as listed: a hand cancellation to the letter Feb. 22, 1847, and most notably a New Orleans and large "10" postal stamps on the letter dated May 10, 1847. A good archive including postal history and scarce occupation letters. From the Taking of Texas Collection.

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    14th Saturday
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