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    [George Washington] 1794 Militia Act issued to prepare a detachment to participate in the Whiskey Rebellion. One and one-half pages, 8" x 13.25", approved at Philadelphia on May 9, 1794. This act, approved during the first session of the Third Congress, directs "a Detachment from the Militia of the United States" to be held "in readiness to march at a moment's warning." Disbound but bearing tiny thread holes at left edge. Pencil notation at top. Edges are tanned.

    Three months later, President George Washington mobilized the militia to suppress the Whiskey Rebellion, setting a precedent for the use of the militia. This act is signed in print by President Washington, Vice President John Adams, and House Speaker Frederick A. Muhlenberg. The Whiskey Rebellion was a tax protest in Pennsylvania in the 1790s which was rooted in western dissatisfaction with a 1791 excise tax on whiskey. Washington responded by sending peace commissioners to negotiate with the rebels, while at the same time calling on state governors to provide militia forces if needed. The president himself led the army, but the rebellion collapsed before the troops arrived.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    September, 2011
    13th-14th Tuesday-Wednesday
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