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    Description

    [154th Senior Tennessee Regiment]. Archive of Orders from Confederate Brigadier General Preston Smith's Album. Consisting of over fifty documents, most dated between January 1863 and April 1863, from "Head Qrs, Chatham's Division Polks Corps Army of Tenn, Shelbyville." This archive of fair copies was preserved by Corporal Jacob Lyman Cook of 154th Senior Tennessee Regiment, Co. "L", whose first commander was General Smith. Cook was described in the Confederate Veteran magazine as a merchandise broker from Macon, Georgia. Many of these documents are sent from Acting Assistant Adjutant General John Ingram, and a few are given by command of Leonidas Polk and General Daniel S. Donelson. Many of these documents were hinged onto other pages, and they still bear part of those pages on the reverse. Some bear tattered edges, soiling, and uneven toning.

    Preston Smith (1823-1863) was an attorney in Tennessee when the Civil War began. In April 1862 at the Battle of Shiloh while serving as colonel of the 154th Tennessee Regiment, a state militia regiment, Smith was wounded (and subsequently disabled) in his right shoulder. He was promoted to brigadier general on October 27, 1862, and given command of a brigade in the Army of Tennessee. In the night following the first day of the Battle of Chickamauga, Smith and his staff unknowingly rode into the Union line. Smith and two of his aides were killed. The 154th Tennessee was a Tennessee militia regiment which was organized before the Civil War. During the war, it fought at Shiloh, Chickamauga, Resaca, Spring Hill and Nashville. Because it was the oldest regiment in the state, it was allowed to add "Senior" next to its regimental number.

    The collection contains around fifteen general orders, dealing with a number of topics such as military courts, reappointment of officers, the transportation of the sick, clarifications of absences, inspections, and more. Over ten special orders are included, covering topics such as the rationing of whiskey, missing soldiers without leave, courts martial, promotions, organizational changes, and more. One fair copy special order dated January 30, 1863, from Chattanooga, reads in part: "The line of Rail Road from Chattanooga to West Point Georgia, with the towns villages and stations in it, including the post of Atlanta and as much adjacent territory as may be necessary for military purposes is hereby transferred to Department No 2, commanded by Genl. Braxton Bragg. By Command of Genl Johnston."

    Also included are over fifteen military letters addressed to General Smith, with content related to specific directions, calls for reports, information on escorts, and more. Near ten circular orders are included, some regarding reports, orders to no longer take part in "the practice of Swearing a Clerk by Court Martial," and more.


    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    April, 2015
    9th Thursday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 407

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