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    Manuscript General Orders No. 30 issued by William Tecumseh Sherman May 31, 1862. 8" X 12 ½", four integral pages, written on pages one through three, docketing on page four. Headed "Headquarters, Fifth Division, Army of the Tennessee, Camp before Corinth [Mississippi]. The document is apparently in the hand of Maj. John Henry Hammond who was, at the time, serving as Sherman's Adjutant.
    The document is filled with interesting details of the campaign. Folds, else very fine. In the orders, Hammond writes on behalf of General William Tecumseh Sherman commending the officers and men of the 5th Division, Right Wing, for their actions at the Battle of Shiloh and in weeks leading to the Siege of Corinth, noting that "the Division has occupied the Right Flank of the Grand Army, thereby being more exposed and calling for more hard work and larger guard details than any other single Division." The officers and men, Hammond writes, "have promptly & cheerfully performed their duty and have sprung to the musket or spade according the occasion and have reason to claim a large share in the Honors that are due the whole army for the glorious victory terminating at Corinth yesterday."

    There is no question as to the magnitude of the victory at Corinth and, "No amount of Sophistry or words from the Leaders of the Rebellion can succeed in giving the Evacuation of Corinth under the circumstances, and other title than that of a signal defeat." However, Hammond cautions, " much yet remains to be done, and that all must still continue the same vigilance & patience, industry & obedience till the enemy lays down his arms and publicly acknowledges that for their supposed grievances that they must obey the Laws of their Country and not attempt its overthrow by threats, by cruelty, and by war."

    John Henry Hammond was commissioned into the New York cavalry in November 1861. Hammond was promoted to major in September 1862, serving as acting adjutant general and chief of staff for William Tecumseh Sherman. In 1864 he was promoted to colonel and given command of the 5th New York Cavalry. Hammond was twice wounded in battle. He ended the war with the rank of brevet brigadier general, later serving as a Republican member of Congress.

    Estimate: $1,500 - $2,500.

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    Auction Dates
    June, 2009
    25th Thursday
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