Description

    Manuscript Document of the Conquest of Canada - Jeffrey Amherst's Orders for the Campaign of 1759. A most important and rare French and Indian War manuscript, being the general orders from Sir Jeffrey Amherst organizing British forces in America for the campaign of 1759 which would culminate in the dramatic capture of Quebec. Two pages, 8" x 13", January 23, 1759, ink. Most likely issued by Commander-in-Chief, Jeffrey Amherst, the army is ordered to make ready for the spring campaign that would prove decisive in ending France's presence in the North American interior. Amherst begins with the basics, ordering "that every Regt. will have their accoutrim[en]ts in good order and fill for Service by the first of march, to Compleat [sic] the Effectives of each Regiment supposing to be Compleated [sic] to the Establishment of effectives..." Then Amherst orders that each regiment "return what Number of Rifled barrel'd pieces they have; the Corps of Light Infantry will be form'd from each Battalion for the Service of the Ensuing Campaign the Commanding Officers to fix on the Properest Officers and men for this Service..." It was in America, and during this conflict, that the British Army first began to use light forces, who were adept in marksmanship and effective against France's Native American allies: hence the need to account for rifled barreled guns. Regular army officers found the ranger companies, despite their valuable backwoods fighting skill, ill-disciplined and difficult to control. For the 1759 campaign, light infantry companies would be formed from every regiment, greatly expanding their use. These picked companies were to "practice... at fireing[sic] Ball, so that every Soldier may be accustomed to it; All the Light Infantry must be good Marksmen. The commanding Officers are to practice their men at fireing[sic] Ball, so that every Soldier may be ac

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    Auction Dates
    October, 2007
    25th-26th Thursday-Friday
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