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    Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Ruger Report on the Battle of Cedar Mountain. Four pages, 8.25" x 11", "Camp near Culpepper, Va.," August 13, 1862. Four days after the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Lt. Col. Thomas Ruger addresses to Captain H. B. Scott, Acting Adjutant General, this report "of the part taken in the action of the 9th by the 3d Regt Wis Vols." The report begins with orders from General Gordon for Ruger to take his companies and "skirmish the woods to the left and front of our position." In part as written:

    "The enemy line extended beyond the right of our considerably overlapping my regiment sufficiently to give by an oblique fire of that part of their line a most destructive crossfire on the right wing of the regiment. The enemy also had a force on the right which opened a flank fire on the regt." Here, Ruger drew a diagram "of the relative position of the forces." His report continued: "The right of the regt was forced back under a most destructive fire the loss here in killed and wounded of the right was in some companies over one fourth and in two a third. The whole line was driven back. With the assistance of the officers I rallied sufficient men to make a force about equal with the three companies that had not been engaged. . . . My regiment remained and continued fire until the line was driven back by the turning of the right flank." On the final page of the report, Ruger supplies the "numbers taken into action, killed wounded and missing of the six companies that were engaged." He also gives the names of those killed, wounded, and missing.

    At the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Union forces under the overall command of Nathaniel P. Banks attacked a much larger Confederate force commanded by Stonewall Jackson. Ruger's companies, along with other companies in General Samuel Crawford's brigade, formed the Union right. After the brigade's initial success early in the battle, Stonewall Jackson's malapert actions on the Confederate left pushed the Union right back. As Crawford's brigade fell back, the Union left wavered and then retreated. The Confederates, with less casualties, were victorious.

    Thomas H. Ruger (1833-1907), a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, saw action in the Civil War at the Battles of Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Cedar Mountain. Seven days after submitting this report, he was promoted to colonel. He remained in the regular army after the war and was breveted a brigadier general for his actions at Gettysburg. He served as the military governor of Georgia and as head of the Department of the South during Reconstruction. He was also the superintendent of the U. S. Military Academy before being posted on the frontier. Clear, bold ink on lined paper; toned. Usual folds.

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    Auction Dates
    October, 2013
    17th-18th Thursday-Friday
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