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    Joaquin Arredondo Docket Signed on a Decree Transmitting Instructions for a Forthcoming Survey. Twelve pages on three bifolia, 6" x 8.25". With Arredondo's docket and signature, Monterrey, January 18, 1821, appearing at the top of the last page; followed by the dockets and signatures of two subsequent chain recipients. The orders contained are for a survey of all matters pertaining to the interior provinces in the east relating to missions, the true situation of insurrection and related public opinion, persons involved in insurrection, public architecture, health, agriculture, transportation, business, education, religious matters, and more. Survey may be a carrying forward an earlier survey prepared by Alexander von Humboldt during the years 1805-1817.

    JoaquĆ­n de Arredondo was born in Barcelona, Spain, in 1768. He entered the Royal Spanish Guards as a cadet in 1787 and was commissioned at the end of the eighteenth century and detailed for service in New Spain. He was made military commandant of the Huasteca and governor of Nuevo Santander in 1811 and was instrumental in suppressing several revolts in that province in 1812 and 1813. He was rewarded by being appointed as commandant of the eastern division of the Provincias Internas in 1813. Arredondo quickly cleared the province of insurgents and after completing his assignment in Texas, he returned to Monterrey.

    All pages are gently toned, with light wear at folds. Soiling to first and last pages, with interior pages remaining clean, with some showthrough from ink on verso. Each page is written only along the right side, so showthrough from verso does not obfuscate any writing.

    Together with an 1815 manuscript broadside concerning enlistment of troops and service in Texas as punishment for evasion of said enlistment. One page, 16.5" x 12.25", in Spanish, Monterrey, March 1, 1815, with secretarial signatures of Arredondo and Pedro Simon del Campo, split in the central vertical fold, with additional old fold creases and slight toning; else a handsome document in very good condition. In this decree de Arredondo seeks to raise four squadrons of cavalry through a draft, or conscription. Of particular note is the first article in his decree which reads in part: "penalty for evasion [of the draft] will be destined to 10 years service with the veteran troops of Texas or 8 years with fixed battalion of veterans or 6 months in chains on public works." The decree goes on to list exemptions including farmers, public employees, business people of various types, sons of alcaldes, nobility, and only sons of widows who support their mothers.

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    17th Saturday
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