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    Description

    Jacqueline Kennedy White House Menus. A total of thirty-one sheets, each 5.5" x 8.5", blue ink on paper, undated. Mostly handwritten by the First Lady, with some newspaper and magazine clippings of menus attached to pages. Includes 4 typed pages of Dinner menus. Many of the pages begin with a title or theme, "Buffet," "Tea Breakfast," "Lunch," "Summer," "Winter Lunches," "Holidays," and "Late Suppers." What follows are multiple options of each of the courses-appetizers, starters, main courses and desserts.

    The menus represent the brainstorming and creative energy that went into hosting presidential events. Mrs. Kennedy played an integral role in all aspects of presidential entertaining; particularly with regards to the cuisine. Handwritten menus document attention given to changing seasons, holidays, favorite meals, wine accompaniments, and much more.

    Her vision for the White House as "an emblem of the American Republic" translated into very deliberate displays of artistic and intellectual excellence, of which social gatherings and food in particular played an important role. In 1961, she hired French chef René Verdon to assist with the onslaught of events following the election, a temporary position that soon became permanent. Verdon's traditional French training transformed the culinary presentations of the White House, elevating the sophistication and refinement of the meals offered. While Verdon was responsible for preparing and executing food using French techniques, these menus here demonstrate the collaboration between Jackie and the White House chef.

    Also includes a typed menu , "Luncheon in Newport", Monday, November 6, 1961, for "P.M. Nehru of India & mme Ghandi". Lists 4 courses and 3 wine pairings, with notes in the margin and typed social directions "(Gentlemen stag downstairs; Mrs. Kennedy and Mme Ghandi upstairs)".

    Most pages with some creasing and soiling. In particular, the glued clippings suffer from discoloration.


    More Information:

    Chef RenĂ© Verdon (1924 - 2011) served as the head chef in the White House from 1961 to 1965. He is praised with having elevated the bland institutional fare previously prepared by naval stewards and caterers.  His menus received much media attention showcasing the sophistication of the Kennedy household and solidifying Jackie's reputation for being a Francophile with refined tastes.  Verdon's presence in the White House corresponds with the revolution in American food culture via the influence of the French culinary tradition as demonstrated by the success of Julia Child's Mastering the Art of French Cooking, also published in (1961).

     

    Verdon first met the Kennedys while working as assistant chef at the Carlyle Hotel, where the Kennedys had a penthouse apartment.  Once the Kennedys moved into the White House, Jackie hired Verdon on a temporary basis to provide additional support for the many special events and luncheons following the election. After a few months, he was given a permanent position.

     

    Verdon is responsible for planting herbs in the East Garden and vegetables on the roof of the White House. His aim was fresh, seasonal ingredients of the highest quality. For Jackie, it was nutritious food for her children.  Their common ground was the French tradition.

     

    Of the many publicized state dinners prepared by Verdon, the 1961 Mount Vernon event for 132 guests and the President of Pakistan won the most praise. Inspired by a dinner at Versailles hosted by President Charles de Gaulle, Jackie Kennedy asked Verdon to move the dinner to Mount Vernon.  In the press following the event, Verdon was hailed by the Washington Posts as "the 36 year old French culinary genius." The same article gave details not only of the venue and entertainment but also described with great detail the menu, including the French wines served and even the techniques used by Verdon to prepare the dishes. 

     

    Rene Verdon was born June 29, 1924 in the town of Pouzauges, in the Pays de la Loire region of Western France.  His parents owned a bakery, where Verdon held his first culinary positions before working his way up from apprentice in Nantes to Chef in Dauville, Paris and finally New York. 

     

    After Kennedy's assassination, Verdon stayed on with the Johnsons for two years.  In 1965, the Johnsons hired a Texas "food coordinator" to bring southern food to the White House and to cut costs.  The new household brought a demand for canned vegetables and dishes like "cold puree of garbanzo beans." Verdon felt his standards were being compromised and quit at the end of 1965.

     

    Verdon's post-White House years including the publishing of several cookbooks and the opening of a highly regarded restaurant, Le Trianon, in San Francisco in 1972.

     

    His cookbooks include: The White House Chef (1967), Rene Verdon's French Cooking for the American Table (1974), The Enlightened Cuisine (1985), Convection Cuisine (1988), and  In the Kennedy Style (2010).



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    Auction Dates
    April, 2012
    11th-12th Wednesday-Thursday
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