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    Description

    George Washington Carver Archive consisting of over 200 letters, cards, original artwork, newspaper articles, receipts, and bills ranging from 1908 until 1963. The bulk of items are comprised of correspondence from Carver to Goode Chesterfield Blanks and his family spanning the years 1923 through 1927.

    George Washington Carver (circa 1864-1943) was head of the Agriculture Department at the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute when he met local farmer Goode Chesterfield Blanks, whose "...curiosity about strange rock formations led him to deliver samples to the scientist's laboratory..." sometime around 1923. Carver was in search of "...resources convertible to commercial value in the South...," including local clays to produce paint pigments in hopes of establishing a manufacturing facility for the large scale production of such paints. These letters are a treasure trove of geological and botanical information, but they are so much more. They provide insight into the personal and emotional life a man who cherished his privacy, despite his celebrity status. Over time, Carver developed a deep love for his new friend and his family, a love that he was not ashamed to show in his letters. Carver, who was born into slavery sometime around 1864-65, was denied a stable family life and he projected those familial feelings onto his friends.

    He was also a deeply religious man. In each letter, you get a sense of his all-pervading spirituality. He expresses his faith in God in nearly all of his letters, as when he writes to Goode on September 15, 1924, urging him to accept Christ and join the Church: "I felt so good and thanked God again and again when you told me that you thought you would join the Church. I do hope you will. You will [be] so much happier, God will draw nearer to you and you will prosper better...my friend be baptised [sic]...Your friendship has meant so much to me, and I thank God for throwing us together. I doubt if there is an hour in the day that I do not think of you, and pray for you and yours." He repeatedly credits God with bringing Blanks and his family into his life, as in a letter to Mattie Blanks dated July 14, 1927: "To me a true friend is sacred, nothing more beautiful, more divine, because you can always see the reflection of God through them. I thank God every day that He permitted our paths to meet and that we become friends. I feel so much more encouraged, life seems so much more worth while, since I have known you and Mr. Blanks."

    Carver rarely spoke about his childhood, but writing to Blanks' nine year old son, Ernest, July 13, 1924, he opens up about his early life: "It certainly carries me back to my boyhood days. I too was raised on a farm, my, my, my the farm we had, damming up streams and making great swimming holes. We did not have to do it but those nature (God) had made for us did not suit us, so we proceeded to make our own...My how I delighted in playing with toads. I carried my pockets full all the time, dont [sic] you believe they will make warts on you, they will not, or they certainly did not make any on me. One of our neighbor boys killed a toad and I never cared for him afterward...We country boys always pitied the poor town boy who must live between four walls or play as best he could in a more or less crowded street. Thousands and thousands of children here in the United States, never saw cotton, corn, melons, cabbage, peaches, pears, plums, apples or nuts of any kind grow...Do you wonder at them looking pale and often not as strong as they should be." Sadly, Ernest died less than a year later. His death affected Carver deeply and he talks about him in several letters to the elder Blanks over the next few months. He wrote on May 31, 1925, just two weeks after the death of Ernest: "If we only knew why God moves in such a mysterious way...Ever since your letter reached me I sit at my window, look over towards your home, and pray that God in His infinite wisdom and mercy will draw very, very near to you at this time. I believe He will." Writing a few weeks later, on June 17, he expresses his continuing sorrow over the death of the young boy: "Of course you both are heart broken, I feel just as badly as I can feel. Dear little Ernest had won such a warm spot in my heart...I often wonder why Father, Mother, sisters brothers and kind folk of all kind were denied me, and scattered to the four winds, but thank God for friends. I do know that each dear friend goes on and leaves me here, it makes Heaven just a little nearer and dearer to me, because I shall meet them all over there."

    Of note are two later letters in which Carver talks about a train wreck in which he is involved and an attack by an enraged bull. On June 12, 1926, he writes to Goode about a pleasant journey he has made, marred only by the accident he has witnessed: "There was only one thing that made the trip sad for me, and my nerves have not yet become calm. The train I was on hit an Auto. that was trying to cross the track, tearing the machine into slivers and mangling the man, almost beyond recognition, as a human being. How my very soul bled for the family left behind. How I pitied his wife who must look upon that mangled mass as her husband." Two years later, in a letter dated May 10, 1928, he writes of another accident he was involved in: "How I wish I could see you both, but I cannot say now when it will be as I met with a very serious accident last week. I was attacked by an infuriated bull, knocked down and gored three times. Thank God no bones were broken as far as I can see now but am badly bruised, if he had, had horns of course he would have killed me. I do not see yet what saved me more than the mercies of the Lord."

    Carver was also an accomplished artist. His first course of study Simpson College in Iowa was art and piano. It was his art professor, Etta Bud, who recognized his talent for painting flowers and encouraged him to study botany. Included in this collection are six pieces bearing original artwork by Carver. They are unique in that the paints used are made from clays collected in the area, specifically on the Blanks' land.

    Carver died in 1943 from complications stemming from a fall down a flight of stairs at the age of 78. His friend, Goode Blanks, shortly before his own death in 1963, made his letter collection public and attempted to carry on his friend's work. These letters are in fantastic condition with some slight toning and foxing scattered throughout.


    More Information:

    September 2, 1908 - Bank Statement to Goode C. Blanks from the First Bank of Notasulga, AL

    September 25, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks. One of the first letters written to Blanks, Carver discusses what he found in the samples taken from Blanks' land including phosphate and "paint" material. He also thanks him for dinner and invites him down anytime.

    October 5, 1923 - Copy of a Carver TLS forwarded to G. C. Blanks with handwritten notes in Carver's hand originally to Blanks' brother, R. C. Blanks, regarding the minerals found on G. C. Blanks land including deposits of phosphate, micas, asbestos, black tourmaline, materials for ".making several shades of paint." He goes on to say that there is a possibility that precious stones such as ".rubies, emaralds [sic], sapphires, amethysts, and opals."may be found.

    October 9, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding pyrite (which also contains traces of graphite, a valuable mineral) found in a "white clay pit" which could be valuable in larger quantities.

    October 15, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a piece of magnetic iron ore found ".on Mr. Mosses' place." and asking him to look for a deposit of the same, garnets, ".bright, gold looking crystals." He also asks him to look for phosphate, iron pyrite, paint rock, and various precious stones.

    October 17, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the existence of gold on his (Blanks') land which lies in the ".lower gold belt of Alabama."

    October 23, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks conveying leaflets with stories for Blanks' son, Ernest.

    November 2, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to Ernest Blanks, son of G. C. Blanks, thanking him for his letter.

    November 13, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a visit by a group interested in the material found on Blanks' land.

    November 13, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to Ernest Blanks thanking him for a box of pecans that he has sent which cheered him up after a recent illness.

    November 28, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding his time with a gold miner finding "placer gold" (found in alluvial deposits) in South Carolina in conditions similar to Blanks' land. Miner says SC vein was used after the war to pay off part of the war debt.

    November 29, 1923 - James Echols ALS to Ernest Blanks, his nephew (Jim was the brother of Mattie Mae Blanks, Ernest's mother). He says in the letter that he is sending him a watch for Christmas and that he hopes to see him the next summer.

    November 29, 1923 - James Echols ALS to Mattie Mae Blanks, his sister, asking for the address of "Jack" which he has lost. Also, he says he hopes to see her next summer and wishes her a merry Christmas.

    December 6, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a deal for a new paint mill and a deposit of brown manganese located on Blanks' land. Also, the use of the red paint with the "W. of A. shops (R. R.)."

    December 16, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the existence of paint materials on his land.

    December 24, 1923 - Hand painted picture using paint made from clay from Blanks' land.

    December 28, 1923 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a recent sample of ".dark paint material.[that] runs pretty high in sand and gravel."

    December 31, 1923 - James Echols ALS to Ernest Blanks asking if he likes the watch he got for Christmas.

    January 11, 1924 - Mabel Echols ALS to Mattie Mae Blanks. Mabel was the sister of Mattie's brother, James Echols.

    January 12, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a letter from Mr. Thompson in which he states that he has found ".the kind of machinery necessary and.will send an expert paint maker down to make a technical survey."

    February 8, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks asking him to postpone the prospecting until his health returns. Also, a letter from Mr. Thompson brings encouraging news with regard to the paint factory.

    February 22, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks on the verso of an invitation to see an exhibition by Carver ".showing the discoveries for making paints, stains, water colors and toilet powders from the native clays of Georgia." He writes that the paint men are very excited with his dark paints.

    March 6, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the visit of some people from Atlanta and a write up in the Constitution ".on the clay exhibit."

    March 13, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding an article in the Atlanta Journal about their paint and a sample he is working on to color cement.

    March 24, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding some clay samples. He also mentions that they should look for gems on Blanks' place as a man in Michigan is selling diamonds at $100 per karat.

    March 27, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for the cotton seed. He is also letting him know that he found 14 small rubies in a sample of mica the size of a goose egg which can fetch up to $100 per karat.

    April 13, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a pending visit by Mr. Thompson to inspect the land with the possibility of building a grinding plant.

    April 24, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a sample of rock that contains a small amount of gold and three garnets, one of which is cracked and the others too small.

    April 29, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the deposits of minerals on Blanks' land that Carver believes will be of value. Also, he talks of a visit by E. W. Thompson regarding paint.

    May 2, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks asking if he and his family are alright after a severe storm the previous night.

    May 5, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks asking for news of the family as he has not heard from them in some time. He goes on to say that the president of Coosa River Water Power [Mr. Cobb] is hopeful.

    May 7, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the possibility of riches found on Blanks' land and how much Carver cherishes his friendship. Also, the existence of paint clays.

    May 14, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks denying payment of any kind for his services, telling him his friendship is ".worth more to me than anything." Also, he discusses the plans for the new plant being built and the rocks for the paint.

    May 26, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding developments with the "paint rock." He asks Blanks to come down when he gets a chance. He mentions Muscle Shoals, hoping that ".God will in some way arrange it so that it will be of the greatest service to the laboring people and to the South." Henry Ford, with the help of Thomas Edison, had planned to make a metropolis of Muscle Shoals where he planned to employ 1 million people and build a city 75 miles long. Carver mentions that he made need to go to Washington to attend to some patents.

    May 31, 1924 - Partial ALS to "Jennie" from an unknown author.

    June 8, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the present state of his garden and crops. He comments on the existence of "iron stone" on Blanks' land, believing there is a larger deposit. He gives a recommendation to Mrs. Blanks for removing an ink stain from cloth using ".sweet or sour milk." The following week, Carver says he is headed to North Carolina to exhibit his paint.

    June 19, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks, written from Blue Ridge, North Carolina, describing his trip thus far. He discusses a meeting with Mr. Cobb [owner of the Coosa River Water Power Co.]. The letter continues on June 20 with details of the paint exhibit, his plan to hear Dr. Sherwood Eddy preach on Sunday, and a meeting with directors of ".the paint company." on Monday.

    June 24, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a recent paint exhibit at Blue Ridge, North Carolina, and a meeting he has had with ".the stockholders in Atlanta." who intend on proceeding with building a paint plant.

    June 29, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a meeting with an officer in the army interested in the clay and micas to be used in paints for the U. S. government's exhibit at the Alabama State Fair. Also, he wishes to discuss the materials for the paint company including price, quantity, etc.

    July 5, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding pyrite deposits. Also, discovery of garnets, not perfect, but indicative that there are purer gems nearby. Time spent with Capt. Steiss, head of Chemical Warfare at Ft. McPherson, to pick out paint for an exhibition at the State Fair.

    July 9, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to Ernest Blanks thanking him for his recent letter. He talks about nature and what he did on the 4th of July.

    July 11, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to Earnest Blanks (son of G. C. Blanks) regarding the box of peaches that he sent to Carver as well as some of the facts about peaches

    July 11, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a sample of mica from his land.

    July 13, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to Earnest Blanks. Carver talks about himself and his childhood growing up on a farm (in nature) and how he pities children who grow up in the city. He tells the child of the minerals found in the rocks he (Earnest) found.

    July 20, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a meeting in Atlanta with ".a group of Capitalists who seem to be interested in the paint proposition."

    July 29, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks concerning a piece of pyrite he believes is from a "streak" the same as in Notasulga. Also, a new piece of mica from South Carolina.

    July 31, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks about a visit from the owner of "Coosa River Water Power" [a Mr. Cobb] with a group of friends urging him to camp with them for a week and make any collections he can.

    August 8, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding an upcoming visit by Blanks.

    August 13, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks commenting on a possible exhibition of the minerals in New York. He also discusses some samples of clay he has from Blanks' land and the colors of paint that could be produced.

    August 16, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding some samples of mica and the divine intervention he feels is guiding his work.

    August 24, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the health of Mrs. Blanks and the Blanks' crop. Also, the new clay for the paint is especially good.

    August 24, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to Ernest Blanks, son of G. C. Blanks, thanking him for his nice letter and talking about his education.

    August 29, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS marked "Confidential" to G. C. Blanks regarding a sample of ".8 to 10 pounds of real ore." brought in by a Mr. J. C. Livingston. Carver urges him to check where they found the pyrite for a similar strike.

    September 4, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks letting him know that he is praying for the health of Blanks' wife and that he is anxious to hear from them.

    September 10, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a specimen of pure pyrite. Mentions he used to teach geology and comments how fast Blanks has learned to recognize minerals of value. With a postscript regarding his analysis of a dark rock containing trace amounts of gold.

    September 15, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks urging him to be baptized and join the church and praising God's glories.

    September 25, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for his visit and discussing a sample of mica Blanks brought.

    October 7, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a batch of paint material.

    October 12, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding their friendship and Blanks' help in their project. Also, Carver is going to Montgomery to set up an exhibit for a fair. The letter is incomplete, but there is a secondary letter from later that day where Carver wants Blanks to start meeting with business people.

    October 13, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the health of Blanks' wife and a meeting in New York the next June to acquire funds for their project.

    October 17, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks. Carver says that he believes that God has brought them together ".for a deffinite [sic] purpose, that of working together in a way that some day a great contribution will be made to the uplift of the South." He continues the letter by giving an intimate look at his religious beliefs with regard to friendship.

    October 22, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks praising him for his religious convictions and for their friendship. Also, Charles Wickersham, president of The Carver Products Co., sent a man down to view the paint operation and he ".wanted to get in on it."

    October 29, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks cautioning him to not let his "rheumatic tendency" to prolong without treatment and gives an example of a neighbor of a Mr. Burrows whose stomach was bloated to near bursting. Carver then invites him to come to the State Fair to see his exhibit any day that he can.

    November 12, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding Carver's recent exhibit at the Alabama State Fair and how pleased he is with the results.

    November 25, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks asking for news from him.

    November 27, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for his friendship (it being Thanksgiving Day).

    December 9, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding his booth at the State Fair in Montgomery and the enthusiasm of the people toward it. He also states that Mr. Thompson has wonderful news for him (Carver) and a group of business people will be dropping by the next day or day after.

    December 28, 1924 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for his Christmas card and giving news of paint people from around the country who have come to visit.

    January 6, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding ".peculiar cold that is going around. they call it the 'Devil's Grippe.'" Carver says he has plans to produce a ".real picture." for them using the clay from their land to make the paint. He continues by outlining his regimen that he is using to stay healthy, including Turkish massages with cocoa butter and prayer.

    February 10, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a man who was in to see samples of mica from Blanks' land and the widespread rheumatism in the area.

    March 12, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a recent trip he took to Cornell University and his illness and treatment upon his return home.

    March 21, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks apologizing for not coming to see him due to his ill health and describing what medicines he is taking. He goes on to say that he is getting an exhibition ready for his trip to New York and Mr. Thompson has received a letter from a man in Florida that wants to manufacture some of Carver's products.

    April 5, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a visit by E. W. Thompson with results of a stock holders and directors meeting and about the paint he (Carver) is making.

    May 8, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks. Writing from New York City, he says the exhibition is going well and should ".clinch things."

    May 21, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks from New York City where Carver is taking part in an exhibition. He does not know that Blanks' son, Ernest, had died the week before.

    May 31, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks with comforting words following the death of their son, Ernest, two weeks prior. He quotes a few lines from a hymn.

    June 15, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the recent passing of Blanks' young son, Ernest. The majority of the letter is a quote from Thoreau.

    June 17, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the death of Blanks' son Ernest. Carver says he often wonders why ".father, mother, sisters, brothers and kind folk of all kind were denied me, and scattered to the four winds." Discusses two cases where massage has helped "heal" people.

    June 24, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks, shortly after the death of Blanks' son, Ernest, relating a dream he had of heaven.

    June 28, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks shortly after the death of Blank's only child, Ernest, aged 10 years. He writes that he is thinking of him and praying for him.

    July 3, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks cautioning him to protect his health as ".there is so much Typhoid fever around." and to make sure his well water is drinkable.

    July 12, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for his friendship and talking about God. He quotes a poem titled "Thoughts" at the end.

    July 20, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the recent passing of Blanks' young son, Ernest. He also quotes a letter he received recently from England concerning the recent death of Booker T. Washington's third wife.

    August 9, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a visit. Carver says that he wants to visit when no strangers are there, adding: ".of course my friend you know why." He asks about the health of the other members of the family and mentions his cotton crop. He is also conveying several lines for the Blanks' church paper following the death of Blanks' son, Ernest. The verses are not included.

    August 16, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks relating proceedings regarding the incorporation of The Carver Products Company. He goes on to talk about Blanks' son who passed three months prior. He ends with remarks about ".purple hulled Crowder peas." and their use in making red dye.

    August 20, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding some dyes that he has recently produced. Carver is ill at the time.

    August 30, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding his (Carver's) ill health and the work he is doing. Discusses the incorporation of the "Paint Co." Also, the arrival of soil samples coming in from all over the country. Fire in the town of Notasulga.

    October 14, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks. Carver writes that he hopes they can come down to Montgomery during the State Fair.

    October 31, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the weather during State Fair.

    November 13, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the recent State Fair exhibition in Montgomery. He talks about his time in the capital, a visit to the state archives, and some of the locals that he met. He mentions a sample of bentonite brought to him for inspection. At the end, he quotes a Spencer Free poem on friendship, "The Human Touch."

    November 21, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding an episode of racism: "As for.the very unhandsome way in which I was treated, I overlooked it, put him down as a person who was missing the beautiful and Christian things in life. I feel really sorry for him." He remarks that Mrs. Blanks was disgusted. He thanks them for their friendship and tells him of a millionaire that came to look at the paints and ".bought it out." Ends with quoting a poem.

    November 24, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for his friendship (with Thanksgiving Day approaching) and saying that he will be in Marianna, Florida, ".where the big peanut meeting will be Fri. night."

    November 30, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks giving news of his recent trip and the overwhelming enthusiasm over his peanut exhibit.

    December 6, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks thanking them for their recent visit.

    December 15, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks thanking them for their friendship during the Christmas season.

    December 28, 1925 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks reminiscing over the first time he met them at the end of the year and expressing his hope for good things in the new year from a commercial standpoint.

    January 3, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for his friendship and wishing him a happy new year. He says he will be on a weeklong tour of Mississippi and should hear about a meeting in Atlanta by his return. Ends with a quotation from a poem.

    January 8, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding their health and the weather.

    January 17, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks as a letter of greeting after returning from a trip.

    January 31, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding his health after a recent trip. He was in Mississippi and saw a doctor that specialized in massage which he says ".is doing wonders for me." Also, there is some news about the merging of the two companies and the plant will shortly be erected, but that will be discussed in person.

    February 2, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the possibility of a factory being built after the merging of Carver's two companies. Also, he discusses at length Blanks' health and the removal of his boils.

    February 8, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding an upcoming visit in which Carver hopes to ".get that malady [that is sickening Blanks] out of the system."

    February 11, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for a recent visit and encouraging him to take care of his health. He continues by expressing hope for ".our project." with regard to paint clays.

    February 12, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks about a visit from "Mr. 'U-No-Hoo'" from Atlanta bringing news concerning the paint process.

    February 22, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks concerning a prospectus for the company which Mr. Thompson plans to publish. It will provide information on ".what the company is, what it proposes to do and the price of stock."

    February 25, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a conversation with "Mr. Who" about some encouraging business prospects. He thanks Blanks for his continuing friendship and asking that he take "No.2" to renovate his system. He finishes the letter with his plans for an upcoming trip to Georgia.

    March 9, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a presentation to an integrated crowd in Ft. Valley, GA, about sweet potatoes. Also, he wants Blanks to be on the lookout for a certain type of clay on his land.

    March 13, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding the repainting or restaining of some furniture.

    March 13, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding some kind of internal struggle with the "company." He continues by talking about his curing several people using "Boneset tea" and massage.

    March 25, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks cautioning him to be careful lest he has ".a touch of the 'flu'." and to be careful not to get wet as it can lead to pneumonia. He says that an article in the Wall Street Journal that a ".greater wave of prosperity is coming to the Tennessee Valley." Carver believes that it will reach as far as Muscle Shoals if ".Mr. [Henry] Ford succeeds in getting the shoals." Ford, with the help of Thomas Edison, had planned to make a metropolis of Muscle Shoals where he planned to employ 1 million people and build a city 75 miles long.

    April 7, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks. Carver mentions in the letter that he wants Blanks to meet Mr. Ford (Henry Ford) when he is down on his next visit. With a page three to a separate letter.

    April 7, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding the health of her husband and Carver's recommended treatment.

    April 8, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks quoting a letter from a boy that he has "treated," who seemed to be wasting away. He then gives the directions that he gave to the boy's parents to regain his health, including "Biblical massages."

    April 18, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding the health of her husband and treatment for his kidneys, which Carver believes is causing his boils. He gives her several remedies to improve kidney function and treat the sores.

    April 19, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding a bottle of tonic containing ".several well known blood remedies." to be administered to her husband in an attempt to control his outbreak of boils.

    April 25, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the improvement in Blanks' health. Also, Carver discusses the incorporation of ".the new company."

    May 10, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks asking how the carbuncle is healing. He says the Penol Co. is in full swing.

    May 26, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the new factory (presumably for The Carver Penol Company) and the establishment of more agencies to distribute their products. Mentions in a postscript that Henry Ford may get Muscle Shoals despite the opposition.

    June 1, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks concerning the growing of plants and the proper use of some of his paint. He also discusses the improvement of her husband's health.

    June 12, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks describing the wreckage of a train he was on as it struck an automobile: "There was only one thing that made the trip sad for me, and my nerves have not yet become calm. The train I was on hit an Auto. that was trying to cross the track, tearing the machine into slivers and mangling the man, almost beyond recognition, as a human being. How my very soul bled for the family left behind. How I pitied his wife who must look upon that mangled mass as her husband."

    June 27, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the situation with the paint company and asks for red and yellow clay from Blanks.

    July 1, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding his treatment of five white patients with his oil. He also says they need to continue treatment on Mr. Blanks to rid him of his carbuncles. He goes on to discuss the beauty of the flowers and plants on their cemetery lot as well as various other things botanical in nature.

    July 18, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks saying hello and giving him an itinerary for an upcoming trip he is taking. He also gives the latest news on Penol with regard to the paints.

    August 9, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks asking for news from the family.

    August 13, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding events around the area such as the incessant rain, the "election," the Blanks' furniture. He goes on to say that he has made some beautiful things with the clay from their land.

    September 28, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks apologizing for not seeing them in such a long time because riding the train causes a fuss due to his celebrity.

    October 27, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the boom in business with Carver's Penol Company.

    November 5, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a ten day trip he (Carver) is about to take through Virginia.

    November 19, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding his upcoming absence over Christmas and that season's crops. He continues with news about the success of Penol and hopes that clay paint will take off.

    December 23, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding a long journey he will be undertaking and expressing his gratitude at a scarf they have given him for Christmas.

    December 31, 1926 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks wishing them a happy new year.

    January 21, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding his ill health, which he believes stems from his teeth.

    January 21, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding his ill health. He thanks them again for his scarf. He also inquires into Mr. Blanks' health.

    February 2, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding letters from all over the country which keep coming in inviting him to speak about peanuts.

    March 13, 1927 - - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the weather and his health.

    March 15, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a postponed visit. He says: "Death has invaded our little camp and I cannot get away as early as I had hoped."

    March 18, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding meeting Mr. Blanks' brother.

    March 31, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for a visit; discussing a report on Blanks' soil; remarking on pottery made with clay from his land; discusses his Bible class from that evening.

    Includes a flyer titled "Who is Dr. George Washington Carver," giving testimonials from the likes of Booker T. Washington, Theodore Roosevelt, et al.

    April 18, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the growth of Penol and the use of clay from Blanks' field to sculpt a piece of pottery.

    April 22, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding a recent visit to their house and the use of some of the clay found on their property. He then gives a detailed remedy to combat her "nettle rash."

    May 3, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the "...paint project." He also talks about a visit by a committee from the state legislature where he gave a talk about peanuts. He goes on to mention that he has ".an opportunity of coming in direct contact with Mr. Edison and Mr. Henry Ford." Also, he is seeing interesting results using massage with his oil.

    May 17, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding certain food intolerances, i.e. milk and strawberries. He also relates the details of a healing he has done on a man's foot using miscible oils. He also urges her to encourage her husband to have his bad teeth removed.

    May 17, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks asking for a sample of urine so that he can try to cure his (Blanks') kidney trouble.

    June 2, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a recent excursion to Cherokee Bluff and the " things" that they found. Found similar deposits of sugar quartz and gold blossom as on Blanks' land and the possibility of finding a gold mine that was washed out during the war.

    July 9, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks giving a recipe for porridge made with graham flour and peaches.

    July 17, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks expressing to her what her (and her husband's) friendship means to him and giving her some news of himself.

    September 15, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks sending greetings and asking for news.

    September 23, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding Blanks' latest cotton and corn crop. Carver tells Blanks that he will have his peanut exhibit at the State Fair and there is interest in putting up a paint factory.

    September 28, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks. He mentions that he is sending clay samples to a factory in Chicago where mills are made so that they can manufacture a mill specifically for that type of clay.

    September 30, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks concerning the use of the Blanks' clays he has used for coloring wall paper. He mentions the upcoming State Fair in Montgomery and the placement of a Japonica bush.

    November 20, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a recent photo contest. Carver goes on to say that he is going to build a potter's wheel to try out the clay on Blanks' land for pottery.

    December 28, 1927 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks thanking them for the tie they sent him over Christmas and for their continuing friendship.

    February 12, 1928 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks concerning the severity of the winter and its toll on her plants and the health of her husband.

    May 2, 1928 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding a Japonica that Carver gave them.

    May 10, 1928 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks relating the tale of how he was ".attacked by an infuriated bull, knocked down, and gored three times."

    May 11, 1928 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding the health of their plants, specifically tulips, lilies, and japonica.

    January 20, 1929 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding their health following an "operation." He also talks about his health and how, due to his age, he will never fully regain his strength.

    March 29, 1929 - G.W.C. TLS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks inquiring into the health of both and the status of their land after the heavy rains they are having.

    August 2, 1929 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks thanking them for the grapes they have sent. He talks about his strength retuning and tells a story about a local merchant who ".took a very severe case of 'flu'."

    October 13, 1929 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks expressing his hope to continue investigations of a certain area of land and asking him to come to the Fair that is being held the following week.

    November 6, 1929 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a sample of soapstone (steatite) and its numerous uses and asks him to keep it quiet ".until I go further into it."

    November 15, 1929 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the owner of ".the new factory that is almost up now." and whether or not he would be able to use the clay on Blanks' property.

    January 14, 1930 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a recent sample of mineral that he has brought in and to keep anything he finds curious.

    February 22, 1930 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks telling of a recent speaking trip to Wichita, Kansas, where he had an exhibit of peanuts and spoke of relief for southern farmers.

    June 18, 1930 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks asking for news.

    June 27, 1930 - G.W.C. TLS to G. C. Blanks asking if he got any rain as the ".Crops, cotton especially, are very small and look bad in this section."

    October 29, 1930 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the state of the area. He says: "Some people around here did not raise enough of anything to live upon and have to be helped right now, with a rather severe winter coming on I fear. Cotton is low but I believe it will go up."

    December 18, 1930 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks requesting that his friends not send him Christmas presents, but instead give to people who require food and clothing.

    December 28, 1930 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks thanking them for the tie they sent him over Christmas and for their continuing friendship.

    January 13, 1931 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the health of Blanks' brother and his use of massage to alleviate the illness.

    June 8, 1931 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for being at the commencement where he has received an honor.

    June 18, 1931 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for his ".kind words relative to the honors bestowed upon me." He also discussing cleaning out the white pit to see what all is there, but to do it quietly ".so as to arrouse [sic] no suspicion."

    September 17, 1931 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks thanking them for the grapes that they sent.

    December 13, 1931 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for a gift of a jar of fruit and a visit the previous fall by 25 members of the Kiwanis club.

    December 24, 1931 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for the jar of peaches. He tells him that the governor has not called a meeting with him yet, but he believes that ".with trying to get money for the unpaid school teachers.and the many, many demands made upon him during this season of the year." he has his hands full.

    December 27, 1931 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks thanking him for his visit. He is stressed over the health of Blanks' brother, but feels confident that massage could help.

    May 2, 1932 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks with hopeful news that ".After all of these years of.innumerable disappointments.Penol is on the road to a commercial success."

    November 26, 1932 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the suffering he sees at times (written during the Depression): "I am so glad your crops have turned out well, and that you have plenty to eat. I am glad you are not where you can see the wholesale suffering as I am obliged to see it at times. Some people have absolutely nothing, and worst of all no ambition to help themselves and their families. Some cannot get work.we have much to be thankful for." He continues: "Since the Macon Co. Bank broke, I haven't any money, but am not worrying about it. My salary was cut nearly 15% but others were to, so in this I am not complaining." He goes on to explain that Penol is a go: "'The Herle Juice' people have it and it will be manufactured by one of the largest pharmaceutical laboratories in the U. S."

    March 15, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks discussing different fertilizers Blanks can use for farming including guano, muck from a nearby swamp, and ".rotted woods earth." By raising ".Plenty of corn, cane peas, potatoes and vegetables, with milk, butter and plenty of meat." the family will have a ".living fit for a king."

    March 17, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding some recent, but undisclosed, trouble: ".you did the right thing by shunning every appearance of trouble. I hope we will never have anything like that again." Also, some news about some local citizens who visited a gold mine in Florida.

    March 24, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks asking him to come visit., 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks May 31, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding Blanks' health and thanking Mrs. Blanks for her jar of peaches.

    June 4, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. Blanks regarding a visit to Carver by her husband and his (Blanks) health on the removal of several teeth.

    June 5, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding the postponement of a group from LaGrange, Georgia.

    August 4, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks concerning the removal of Blanks' teeth which he believes will relieve ".that rheumatic condition." He discusses the use of massage on people from as far away as Georgia and the help it has given their "nerves." Mentions a "cotton destruction movement."

    September 26, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding a possible visit by Blanks and his (Carver's) recent health.

    October 1, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks requesting him to have his ".infected teeth out, that have and are yet evidently poisoning the system." so that his overall health will improve.

    October 11, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding his ill health. Carver recommends drinking ".the tea and rubbing with the oil."

    November 16, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks expressing excitement over the improvement of Blanks' health.

    November 29, 1933 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding Blanks improved health and the health of one of his (Blanks) patients.

    September 25, 1934 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks regarding the use of false teeth (including Carver's personal experience using his).

    December 29, 1934 - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks thanking them for the Christmas gift and telling them the paint used in his Christmas card to them was from material found on their land.

    December 31, 1934 - G.W.C. ALS to G. C. Blanks one year after an AP article was published ".stating that an aid to the care of infantile paralysis had been found in a peanut oil." He continues: ".to date I have received 2,020 letters from suffering humanity, besides those who come almost every day and every night." He follows with an example of two incidents of the previous day.

    February 19, 1935 - G.W.C. ALS to Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding a sample of soapstone she brought him.

    November 5, 1935 - G.W.C. TLS to G. C. Blanks discussing a sample of "platted rock" and pyrolucite, ".used largely in the manufacture of steel."

    February 29, 1936 - G.W.C. TLS to G. C. Blanks giving condolences on the death of Mrs. Blanks' brother. He mentions that there is a flu epidemic in the area and hopes they remain unaffected.

    August 17, 1937 - - G.W.C. TL to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks thanking them for the grapes.

    August 10, 1938 - G.W.C. TL to G. C. Blanks explaining his current illness where he has been in the hospital for 11 weeks, four of which he was quarantined. He estimates that he will be in the hospital another few weeks.

    May 27, 1941 - G.W.C. TLS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks regarding a jar containing traces of bog iron ore. He also wonders what the government plans on doing with the minerals that they want as many of the minerals are needed for the war effort.

    January 3, 1942 - G.W.C. TL to G. C. Blanks extending to him his New Year's greetings. He cannot write due to illness so his letter is typed and signed secretarially.

    January 5, 1961 - Thomas B. Scott TLS to Goode Blanks regarding mineral deposits (manganese and iron) on his property which the late G.W.C. had ".made studies and assays."

    February 22, 1962 - L. H. Foster Letter to G. C. Blanks thanking him for letting him read the Carver letters.

    Undated - Partial Letter beginning "Later" regarding ".a most important letter." from a man in California who wants Carver to partner with him as a chemist for creating paint.

    Undated - G.W.C. ALS to Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Blanks wishing them a merry Christmas and conveying a hand painted picture (included), presumably done with paint made from clay from their land.

    Undated - Letter to "Louise" from G. C. Blanks (her cousin) containing quotes from letters to Blanks from George Washington Carver during the 1920s regarding minerals found on their land.

    Christmas Card Signed from GWC to Blanks family with original artwork, undated

    Christmas Card Signed GWC to Blanks family with original artwork, 1927

    Christmas Card Signed from GWC to Blanks family with original artwork, 1928

    Original Artwork Signed by GWC to Blanks family, white on black landscape, 1931

    The Birmingham News Article, undated, with photo of G. C. Blanks. The article discusses the teamwork of Carver and Blanks to discover minerals on Blanks' farm.

    Signed Check by G. C. Blanks, January 16, 1963

    Six Notasulga Telephone Company Bills, 1962-1963, signed by G. C. Blanks

    TLS, January 12, 1972, from the child of Goode C. Blanks cousin, conveying the Carver letters back to the owner and talking about the Moss and Blanks families.

    "Aunt Jiggs Corner" by Myrtle Williamson in The Skyline Post, May 13, 1931, talking about George Washington Carver and the peanut.

    G. C. Blanks Signed Return Receipt, October 20, 1931

    Four Tallahassee Lumber Company Receipts

    "Dr. Carver and Agricultural Prosperity" from The Montgomery Advertiser, December 22, 1929.



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    11th Thursday
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