DescriptionGroup Lot of Four Manuscripts Regarding the Liberation of South America from Spanish Rule. Total of 12 pages, circa 1821-1825, from various locations.
Jose Miguel Lanza Manuscript Letter signed with his paraph. One page, 8.75" x 12.5", Head Quarters, January 12, 1825. In Spanish. The letter, addressed to General in Command of the United Liberating Army, is likely written to Antonio Jose de Sucre and sends congratulations and praises for his victory over the Spanish armies in Ayacucho. Sucre had captured a significant number of Spanish troops, including the viceroy on December 9. This victory secured the liberation of Peru and Alto Peru and ended the fighting against Spain. Lanza's congratulations read in small part: "Yours is the sweet satisfaction that the words of these inhabitants are not any other than filled with blessings for the hero that has broken the head of the monster... I, too, send my congratulations on your good fortune..." With several areas of paper loss affecting a few words, however retaining the context, otherwise very good.
[Antonio Jose de Sucre] Period Fair Copy of a Letter by Sucre Demanding that the Spanish Surrender Cuzco. Two pages, 8.5" x 12.25", December 22, 1824, Andahuaylas [Peru], addressed to Francisco San Friancena, of the Spanish army in Cuzco. Although Sucre had won an overwhelming victory over the Spanish on December 9, Spanish forces in Cuzco remained unwilling to acknowledge the loss and the Spanish viceroy would not step down from power. Sucre's letter, of which we offer a period fair copy, details his capturing of Spanish troops and explains that he has been gracious to grant liberty and life to the troops that have been captured. He states that he has no wish to prolong the hostilities, and demands that Cuzco be turned over to his forces on the 25th day of the current month. He issues fair warning that he has sent a column of soldiers who will approach Cuzco from the rear, and that "they have orders to shoot any Spanish official who is found en route towards Cuzco". The Spanish viceroy immediately surrendered Cuzco shortly after receiving this letter. Near fine condition, save a single instance of paper loss at center that affects three words.
Together with two unrelated manuscripts: An 1821 letter from a clergy man addressed to Jose Francisco de San Martin, 2 pages, 8" x 11.75", asking San Martin to help prevent the execution of a man wrongly sentenced to die; and a six page manuscript, undated, with religious content, likely a prayer written for the well being of Simon Bolivar. Overall condition of both manuscripts is near fine.
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