George S. Boutwell Typed Letter Signed "Geo. S. Boutwell". Two and one-third pages, 8" x 10.5", November 22, 1898, Boston, to General Nelson A. Miles with observations on the situation in the Philippines shortly after the hostilities ceased between the U.S. and Spain during the Spanish-American War. Responding to questions from General Miles, Boutwell writes, "First of all our army in the Phillipines [sic] has not under its control a population much in excess of the population of the city of Manila, which, upon the best of authority, contains not more than 300,00 inhabitants. . . . Our forces are there as an army of conquest by sea and by land, and the people of the Islands, by international law and by unbroken usage, are enemies, and they are protected only as conquered cities and provinces are for the time being protected by military authority". Directly advising General Miles, Boutwell writes, "The political questions are not decided and I think it would have been wise on your part to have kept yourself free from any entanglement concerning them." At the top of the letter, Boutwell has handwritten, "Personal and Confidential" and "(Copy)". Throughout the letter, he has marked various grammatical corrections in black ink.

    George S. Boutwell (1818-1905) served as Abraham Lincoln's internal revenue commissioner, President Grant's treasury secretary, and governor of Massachusetts. After his long and distinguished career as a statesman, Boutwell, an anti-imperialist, opposed the U.S. annexation of the Philippines following the Spanish-American War. The peace treaty between the U.S. and Spain was signed in Paris exactly three weeks after this letter was written. General Nelson A. Miles, a veteran of the Civil War and the Indian Wars, was an important commander in the Spanish-American War, personally leading the Puerto Rican invasion. Slight toning; fine.

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    October, 2009
    16th-17th Friday-Saturday
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