Skip to main content
Go to accessibility notice

    Description

    Franklin D. Roosevelt: Presidential Pardon Signed.
    -August 28, 1941. Two pages. 9" x 13.5". Justice Department Seal.
    -To: J. W. Horning.
    -Original folds, minor wear and yellowing, else near fine.

    Partially printed document on both sides, with typed description of the case against J. W. Horning and FDR's subsequent pardon, signed by the President and Acting Attorney General Francis Biddle. Horning had been charged for violating the National Prohibition Act in October 1929, when he was jailed in Savannah, Georgia, after failing to pay a $250 fine. The document reads (in part): "Whereas it has been made to appear to me that the said J. W. Horning, since his discharge from imprisonment, has been conducting himself in a law abiding manner: Now Therefore, be it known, that I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States of America...do hereby grant unto the said J. W. Horning a full and unconditional pardon for the purpose of restoring his civil rights."


    More Information:

    The extended description below was supplied by the consignor. We are making it available to our web bidders who are interested in more in-depth research and broader historical perspective. Please note that presentation (i.e. framing), lot divisions, and interpretations of condition and content may occasionally differ from our descriptions. Assertions of fact and subjective observations contained in this description represent the opinion of the consignor. These remarks have not been checked for accuracy by Heritage Auctions, and we assume no responsibility for their accuracy; they are offered purely to allow the bidder insight into the way the consignor has viewed the item(s) in question. No right of return or claim of lack of authenticity or provenance based upon this extended description will be granted.

     

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt issues a Presidential Pardon through the United States Department of Justice to J. W. Horning, signed August 28, 1941 by Franklin D. Roosevelt as President of the United States, and Francis Beverley Biddle as Acting Attorney General of the United States. The Presidential Pardon also features a red raised Department of Justice seal. The paper on the Presidential Pardon is from the United States Government Printing Office, 315340. This official Government document measures 9 x 13 ½," and contains printing on both sides. On the front side the Presidential Pardon reads: "Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, divers and other good and sufficient reasons me thereunto moving, do hereby grant unto the said J. W. Horning a full and unconditional pardon for the purpose of restoring his civil rights./ In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name and caused the seal of the Department of Justice to be affixed./ Done in the District of Columbia this twenty-eighth day of August in the year of our Lord on Thousand Nine Hundred and Forty-one, and of the Independence of the United States the One Hundred and Sixty-sixth./ Franklin D. Roosevelt/ By the President:/ Francis Biddle/ Acting Attorney General." What a fabulous and most significant Presidential item. A very rare and terrific Presidential Pardon, co-signed by Acting Attorney General Francis Biddle only two days before he assumed the full position of Attorney General under FDR. As is specified in full on the verso of this rare document of pardon signed jointly by FDR and Biddle, "J. W. Horning pleaded guilty in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Georgia to violation of the National Prohibition Act (Case No. 5636), and on October 29, 1929, was sentenced to pay a fine of $250.00." Because of his inability to pay the fine, he was committed to the Chatham County Jail in Savannah, Georgia and was released on November 27, 1929, having complied with the conditions as prescribed by Section 1042, Revised Statutes of the United States; and "Whereas it has been made to appear to me that the said J. W. Horning, since his discharge from imprisonment, has been conducting himself in a law-abiding manner," FDR issued this pardon to Horning. The 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution (ratified 1919, effective 1920) prohibited the manufacture, sale, transport, import, or export of alcoholic beverages. The National Prohibition Act, commonly called the Volstead Act for Representative Andrew Volstead who introduced it, was passed in 1919 to enforce the 18th Amendment. Among its provisions were penalties for violation of the Amendment. In 1932, presidential candidate FDR had promised to work for the repeal of prohibition and on December 5, 1933, nine months after his inauguration, the 21st Amendment, repealing the 18th Amendment, became part of the United States Constitution. Even though the word "Acting" is stamped before his title, Francis Beverley Biddle had become Attorney General of the United States on August 26, 1941, just two days before signing this pardon, succeeding Robert H. Jackson who had been appointed to the United States Supreme Court. Biddle later served as the primary American judge at the Nuremberg Trials after World War II.



    Shipping, Taxes, Terms and Bidding
    Calculate Standard Domestic Shipping

    Sales Tax information  |  Terms and Conditions

    Bidding Guidelines and Bid Increments

    Glossary of Terms

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    7th Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 5
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 906

    Buyer's Premium per Lot:
    19.5% of the successful bid (minimum $9) per lot.

    Sold for: Sign-in or Join (free & quick)

    Heritage membership

    Join Now - It's Free

    VIEW BENEFITS
    1. Past Auction Values (prices, photos, full descriptions, etc.)
    2. Bid online
    3. Free Collector newsletter
    4. Want List with instant e-mail notifications
    5. Reduced auction commissions when you resell your
      winnings 
    Consign now
    • Cash Advances
    • More Bidders
    • Trusted Experts
    • Over 200,000 Satisfied Consignors Since 1976
    Consign to the 2019 March 30 - 31 Americana & Political - Dallas.

    Learn about consigning with us

    You reach a customer base that is in many ways completely unknown to the major auction houses, and your marketing to this base is as professional as one could hope for. As I continue to wind down my holdings.
    Michael Z.,
    Hawthorne, NY
    View More Testimonials

    HA.com receives more traffic than any other auction house website. (Source: Similarweb.com)

    Video tutorial

    Getting the most out of search

    Recent auctions

    2018 September 13 Rare Books & Maps Signature Auction Books - Dallas
    2018 September 13 Rare Books & Maps Signature Auction Books - Dallas
    REALIZED $1,094,775