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    Francisco Castañeda Group of Letters (12). all written during the year 1846 and addressed to captain Juan de la Garza in Santa Rosa. Most of the letters measure approximately 6.5" x 8.5". The earliest letters are dated just prior to the start of the Mexican War, but most are dated after the start of the war and relay news of the approaching American forces.

    Three communications dated April 5, 1846 written from San Fernando that Indians have been spotted in the region of the "Haciendas del Calvillo" and that he has received de la Garza's suggestion that it would be a good idea to pursue them to their own ranches, but that he lacks the troops to do so. Four days later, on April 9, Castañeda writes to advise de la Garza that Indians have been spotted near Santa Rosa and that Castañeda has sent one officer and 29 soldiers to pursue and punish them. He sends notice that the Indians may be on their way to Santa Rosa.

    The remaining letters and notices are dated after the declaration of war by the United States, and the content is primarily on the topic of troop movements and news from across the border in Bexar. In a letter dated May 16, 1846, Castañeda writes that he has received news from Bexar that our "amigos gringos" will soon visit and that they have run all of the Mexicans out of the city. Four days later on May 20, he wrote to de la Garza about the occurrences in Matamoros earlier in the month: "This circumstance and the antecedents which we have from our spies leave no doubt that our enemies will come soon to this frontier... I again ask that you act by every means available to you and encourage the patriotism of the inhabitants of that valley so that the auxiliary company unite and be prepared now when the country more than ever needs the service of its good sons..."

    In a letter dated June 21, 1846 written at Rio Grande, Castañeda relays movements of the American troops: "four hundred men from the enemy army with four artillery pieces left from Matamoros in the direction of Reynoso and Cadereyta on the 6th. It is not known if they will stay at that point or continue on to Laredo or here. But whatever the case may be, everything until now gives us a very sad idea of the condition we hold... If the foreigner Frank Grey appears at this or another point he will be detained as recommended by our friend don Vicente..."

    Writing from Pacuache Pass on July 29, 1846, Castañeda informs de la Garza that the spies that he had at the Nueces have returned with news that "the enemy arrived in number of 800 or more and that possibly they will be here by day after tomorrow."

    Together with an unrelated letter from to Marcos Flores who is writing from Galveston to Felipe de la Garza, dated February 21, 1859. Flores has emigrated to Galveston and writes of his impressions of living in the U.S. He writes that it is his opinion that one good Mexican is superior to one hundred blue bloods. When asked if he likes the U.S. better than Mexico, he responds that one minute in Mexico is preferable to one hundred years in the U.S.; but has vowed to stay until he can speak perfect English. He tells the story of having met a young man from Veracruz who refused to speak in Spanish to him. Flores describes him as dark skinned, and despite having the language skills of a blue blood, "in his character all he lacked was the bow & arrow to be a Comanche."

    Condition: Overall condition varies, with uneven toning dampstaining. Ink remains bold, with stray stains.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    March, 2018
    17th Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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