DescriptionDaniel Carroll Document Signed "Danl. Carroll," one page, 7.5"x 12". Maryland, July 2, 1787. Witnessed by "Robert Hollingsworth." Partly printed, completed in manuscript. In part, "Know all Men by these Presents, that I Daniel Carroll of Montgomery County in the State of Maryland am held and firmly bound unto Thomas & Samuel Hollingsworth of Baltimore Town Merch[an]ts in the full and just Sum of Two Hundred & Ninety Six Pounds Sixteen Shillings Specie Maryland Currency..." If Carroll pays "the full and just Sum of One Hundred and Forty Eight Pounds Eight Shillings Species aforesaid with Legal Interest without any Fraud or Delay; then this Obligation to be void and of none Effect, or else to remain in full Force and Virtue in Law." Small paper seal affixed with red wax to the right of the signatures. Fine condition.
On May 27, 1787, Daniel Carroll was appointed a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Deliberations had begun in Philadelphia's Independence Hall on May 25th when there were enough delegates from the requisite number of States to form a quorum. Virginia's Edmund Randolph delivered the opening speech, pointing out the serious defects in the Articles of Confederation which, as a member of the Continental Congress, Carroll had signed in 1781. So this document, by which Daniel Carroll was offered the chance to settle his debt by immediately paying 50% of the money he owed two Baltimore merchants, was signed at a time he should have been in Philadelphia at the Constitutional Convention. He did not arrive in Philadelphia until July 9th, leaving shortly after he signed this agreement. Once there, Carroll attended regularly, speaking nearly twenty times during the debates and serving on the Committee on Postponed Matters. On September 17, 1787, Daniel Carroll and 38 other delegates signed the U.S. Constitution which, when ratified, replaced the Articles of Confederation. He was one of only two Catholics (Thomas Fitzsimmons was the other) to sign. Carroll served in the First Congress, 1789-1791. On January 22, 1791, President George Washington, who had presided over the Constitutional Convention, named his friend Daniel Carroll as one of three commissioners to survey and define the Federal City in the District of Columbia.
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