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    Confederate General Thomas Harrison Endorsement Signed "Thos. Harrison/ Col Commdg. Brig." regarding communications about whether or not Lieutenant Colonel Paul F. Anderson's 4th Tennessee Cavalry, in Harrison's Brigade, should begin "stripping the citizens" for food while chasing Sherman through South Carolina.

    Confederate Cavalry Colonel Harrison's endorsement is on the verso of a letter (6.75" x 8.75", January 30, 1765, written from "Hdqrs [?] Whippy Swamp [Hampton County, South Carolina], Crafton house") signed by Lt. Col. Paul F. Anderson of the 4th Tennessee Cavalry concerning an "order this morning to turn over all of my wagons but three (3)." Anderson asked Colonel Harrison, "What am I to do for forage? We are hauling to day seventeen (17) miles and there is none in a shorter distance. I could submit the command for a day or two perhaps by stripping the citizens of every thing, this I presume is not desirable and we will be fools to send forage details on horse-back which is disorganizing in its tendency, demorallizing [sic] in its effects and the death knell of all discipline."

    Harrison writes in the endorsement on January 29, 1865 from "Hd.Qrs. Harrisons Brig.", "For information as to what Col Anderson shall do for forage & subsistence, I concur fully with him that the great reduction of transportation will be fatal to all discipline in the cavalry." Below Harrison's endorsement is that of Brigadier General William Y. C. Humes.

    These communications were made while Major General Joseph Wheeler's Cavalry Corps, which included Harrison's Brigade, was trying to stop General Sherman's Carolina Campaign in which Sherman marched northward from Savannah to ravage South Carolina. The Confederates hoped that the swamps of South Carolina would halt Sherman's force (Lt. Col. Anderson was writing from a swamp), but Sherman continued his march unabated and Union troops entered Charleston on February 17. Prior to the Civil War, Harrison was a Texas lawyer, politician, and veteran of the Mexican War. Unpopular with his men and known for drinking during battles, he was wounded two months after signing this. Toned and on lined paper; fine.

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    Auction Dates
    February, 2010
    11th-12th Thursday-Friday
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