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    Eleanor Roosevelt: Document Signed as Todhunter School Associate Principal.
    -May 26, 1933. New York City. 10.25" x 8.25". Todhunter School diploma made out to Margaret Keyes Ladds.

    The diploma, co-signed by Principal Marion Dickerman, is pasted inside the front cover of The Horn yearbook for 1933. Central fold from placement in book, aged with some soiling. Both items in overall good condition.

    Mrs. Roosevelt co-owned the exclusive Todhunter School with Dickerman and, in fact, taught history until her duties as First Lady became paramount.

    More Information:

    The extended description below was supplied by the consignor. We are making it available to our web bidders who are interested in more in-depth research and broader historical perspective. Please note that presentation (i.e. framing), lot divisions, and interpretations of condition and content may occasionally differ from our descriptions. Assertions of fact and subjective observations contained in this description represent the opinion of the consignor. These remarks have not been checked for accuracy by Heritage Auctions, and we assume no responsibility for their accuracy; they are offered purely to allow the bidder insight into the way the consignor has viewed the item(s) in question. No right of return or claim of lack of authenticity or provenance based upon this extended description will be granted.


    A very interesting item, with multiple Eleanor Roosevelt signatures, the 1933 yearbook of the Todhunter School entitled The Horn. Pasted on the inside cover of the yearbook is the graduation certificate for Margaret Keyes Ladds, made by Tiffany & Company, with the gold embossed seal of the Todhunter School, signed by Marian Dickerman as Principal and Eleanor Roosevelt as Associate Principal, May 26, 1933, two months after FDR's inauguration as President of the United States. The Horn for 1933 dedication reads: "To Mrs. Franklin Delano Roosevelt we dedicate with affection and admiration this volume of The Horn." A 3 x 5 black and white photograph of ER faces the dedication page. The yearbook contains many handwritten notes of affection to Margaret "Peg" Keyes Ladds by her fellow students below their photographs and descriptions. On the final page of the yearbook is an 8 x 10" black and white photograph of ER and Marian Dickerman, interlocking arms, and a group of women, perhaps members of the 1933 graduating class, signed by ER in the bottom right hand corner of the photograph. A wonderful memento of ER's involvement with the Todhunter School, much of her activities with the school came to an end during this period of FDR's elevation to the Presidency of the United States. The Todhunter School in New York City was a private school for upper-class girls founded by Winifred Todhunter, a graduate of Oxford University. More than just a finishing school, Todhunter offered courses in the arts and a college preparatory program. In 1927, Marion Dickerman, who was the school's vice-principal, told ER that Ms. Todhunter was considering selling the school and returning to England. ER, whose children were grown and whose memories of Marie Souvestre and Allenswood held a special place in her heart, suggested that she, Dickerman and Nancy Cook buy the school together. ER taught American history, American literature, English and current events to junior and seniors. Like Souvestre, ER strove to blend a rigorous curriculum with exercises designed to encourage students to think for themselves. Her history exams had two parts: one factual and one analytical. Students had to answer questions such as: "Give your reasons for or against allowing women to actively participate in the control of the government, politics and officials through the vote, as well as your reasons for or against women holding office in the government." "What is the object today of the inheritance, income and similar taxes?" "How are Negroes excluded from voting in the South?" In each class, she underscored the connection between the things of the past and the things of today, as well as encouraging the students to understand the difference between subject and citizen. She took students on field trips to the New York Children's Court and various tenements and markets in the city so the could see the problems facing New Yorkers and how the government tried to address them. After FDR was elected governor in 1928, ER adamantly continued to teach three days a week. "I teach because I love it. I cannot give it up." When FDR was elected President, her teaching career, except for an occasional current events class, at the school ended, although her association with it did not. She attended school functions, delivered graduation addresses, gave lectures to alumnae living in the Washington area, and arranged for Todhunter students to visit The White House. ER finally left the school entirely in 1938. The Todhunter School merged with the Dalton School, also in New York City, for financial reasons in 1939. A truly fabulous item, with multiple Eleanor Roosevelt signatures, from an important and transitional period of ER's life as a teacher and now First Lady.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    June, 2008
    7th Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 1
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
    Page Views: 2,540

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