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    Large collection of Confederate autographs and CDVs

    Captain J. William Bushby Personal Collection of Confederate Autographs and Cartes de Visite, most Civil War-dated. The collection is composed of thirteen letters and signatures and seventeen cartes de visite, most obtained in early 1863 while Bushby visited Richmond after running the Union blockade. One CDV was given to him by the Confederate spy Rose O'Neal Greenhow. Very early in the Civil War, President Lincoln developed and implemented the Union blockade, which covered over 3,500 miles and threatened Southern ports along the Atlantic and Gulf coast. Blockade runners were usually commanded and manned by British naval officers, such as Captain Bushby, a Confederate sympathizer and commander of the steamer Calypso. Following is a list of the thirteen letters and signatures.

    Alexander R. Boteler ALS to Bushby (one page, "House of Representatives Richmond," January 28, 1863). When the war began, Boteler served on Stonewall Jackson's staff, but was soon elected to represent Virginia in the Confederate House of Representatives from 1862-1864. In this letter, he informs Bushby that he is enclosing "a letter of introduction [not included] to Lieut. Gen. Jackson," hoping that Bushby's "proposed visit to the Army may be pleasant to yourself and the other gentlemen in your party." Very clean with folds.

    Stonewall Jackson Signature "T. J. Jackson." The signature is very clear. To the left is written in another hand, "General Stonewall Jackson's autograph, obtained at his Head Quarters Moss Neck on the Rappahannock, 31st Jan 7, 1863."

    John Bell Hood Signature "J. B. Hood." On the reverse is written, "Autograph of General Hood Confederate Army obtained by J Wm. B. at his camp, 31st Jany 1863." The signature is bold and clean.

    Jeb Stuart Signature with rank, "J. E. B. Stuart. Majr Genl. C.S.A." According to the reverse, Bushby obtained this signature at Fredericksburg on February 1, 1863. Clear signature on clean page.

    Two Robert H. Chilton Signatures ("R. H. Chilton") on one page, both with rank and dated January 31, 1863. Folds to page.

    Robert E. Lee Cut Signature, "R E Lee Genl." The signature is affixed to a larger page explaining that "This signature was cut out of the Book kept at the war Department for officers to enter their names when waiting on the Secretary at War. It was obtained for JWm B by Major Norris at Richmond 2nd Feby 1863 and cut out of the Book in his presence." The signature is clean and clear.

    Jefferson Davis Signature, "Very Respectfully Jeffn. Davis." On the reverse is written that the signature was obtained in Richmond on February 2, 1863. Clean and clear in a large hand.

    Confederate Secretary of the Treasury Christopher G. Memminger Cut Signature. In a large, clear hand.

    General John H. Winder Autograph Note Signed "Jn H. Winder Brig Genl." The note, dated July 12, 1863, from Richmond orders to "Pass bearer Col. [later General] A. C. Jones & daughter & servants to Charleston, S.C." Winder commander Confederate POW camps, and, thus, has a notorious reputation. Ruled paper with smoothed folds.

    Pierre G. T. Beauregard Autograph Note Signed in the Text, "Genl. Beauregard." Dated after the Civil War - June 20, 1866 - the general, visiting England and replying to a dinner invitation by Bushby, writes that he "regrets to inform that . . . he will be unable to attend her [Mrs. Bushby's] evening party on the 26th." Bold ink.

    Varina Davis Autograph Note Signed in the Text, "Mrs. Jefferson Davis," March 21 [1869]. Mrs. Davis wrote this on her personal letterhead while visiting England to Mrs. Bushby, accepting an invitation. In a bold hand on clean paper, accompanied by the original transmittal envelope addressed in Mrs. Jefferson's hand.

    The subjects of the CDVs are all in uniform and identified on the reverses. Some information mentions where the CDVs were obtained. Following is a list of the seventeen CDVs.

    A. P. Hill (backstamped by Charles D. Fredricks & Co. of New York).

    Stonewall Jackson (no backstamp). In addition to the identification, on the reverse is also written is "Moss Neck. Rappahannock Febry 1863."

    JEB Stuart (backstamped by C. F. May of New York).

    James Longstreet (no photographer's backstamped). Writing on the reverse informs that this CDV was "obtained at Richmond, Virginia, February 1863."

    Earl Van Dorn (backstamped by J. Gurney & Son of New York).

    John Hunt Morgan (backstamped by E. & H. T. Anthony of New York). Morgan was killed in action in September 1864.

    Benjamin F. Cheatham (backstamped by E. & H. T. Anthony of New York).

    Kirby Smith (backstamped by E. & H. T. Anthony of New York). Misidentified as Kirby Price on the reverse.

    Sterling Price (backstamped by J. Gurney & Son of New York).

    Albert Sidney Johnston (backstamped by J. Gurney & Son of New York).

    Braxton Bragg (no backstamp).

    Pierre G. T. Beauregard (backstamped by Charles D. Fredricks & Son of New York).

    Joseph Johnston (2). (One is not backstamped; the other is backstamped by D. Appleton of New York.)

    Raphael Semmes (no backstamp).

    John N. Maffit (backstamped by C. D. Fredricks & Co. of Habana). Maffitt, nicknamed the "Prince of Privateers," was also a blockade runner. Since this CDV contains the imprint of a photographer in Cuba, the image was certainly taken following a blockade run.

    Thomas Jordan (no backstamp, but on a Confederate mount). Jordan was the Chief of Staff for General Beauregard. In addition to the identification notes on the reverse is written, "Given me by poor Mrs. Greenhow [Rose O'Neal Greenhow], who was lost, drowned while entering Wilmington." Greenhow was a famous Confederate spy. As a Washington, D.C., socialite, she used her connections with important Union leaders to obtain information, which she sent on to the Confederacy. The Union captured and imprisoned her, but freed her in the spring of 1862. President Davis used her as a courier to carry letters to Europe. She had to run the blockade on her trip there, as well as on her trip home in the fall of 1864. When returning, her vessel ran aground while running the blockade. As a Union gunboat approached, she drowned in the Cape Fear River near Wilmington, North Carolina, trying to escape. Also included are numerous contemporary newspaper articles on blockade runners, as well as a complete description from another auction catalog.

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    Auction Dates
    April, 2015
    9th Thursday
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