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    Benjamin McCulloch Mexican War Rations Document Signed "Ben McCulloch/ Capt. Texas Rangers." One page, 8" x 6.5", Fort Brown [Cameron County, Texas], June 16, 1846. This document lists the amounts of rations needed for a two day excursion by Captain McCulloch's Texas Rangers along the Rio Grande only one month after President Polk and the Congress declared war on Mexico. The document reads in part, "Forge Return for 45 Horses 5 Mules in Capt. B. McCulloch's company of Texas Rangers for two days commencing the 16th and ending the 17th of June 1846." A table follows listing the specific amounts of rations (corn, oats, and hay) needed. Below the table, McCulloch has signed the written statement, "I certify that the above return is correct and just."

    Upon arriving on the Rio Grande in March 1846, General Zachary Taylor established Fort Brown, twenty miles inland from the Gulf of Mexico. By the time the Mexican War began two months later, Ben McCulloch was a veteran of the Texas Revolution and a successful Indian fighter. During the summer following the American declaration of war on Mexico, thousands of Texans, including the governor, volunteered to serve in the U.S. army under General Taylor. Finding the Texans difficult to work with, but very useful, Taylor reputedly said of them, "Texas troops are the damndest troops in the world. We can't do without them in a fight, and we can't do anything with them out of a fight." McCulloch's company of Rangers was known as one of the most volatile, but eventually, General Taylor was so impressed with them that he used them as spies and scouts. Three months after issuing this request for rations, McCulloch participated in the Battle of Monterrey. He later served with much distinction during the Civil War, commanding troops at the battles of Wilson's Creek and Pea Ridge. He was killed by a Union sharpshooter on March 7, 1862. This document, providing a fine example of a scarce Texas Ranger signature, is in fine condition and bears docketing on the verso.




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    Auction Dates
    October, 2010
    23rd Saturday
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