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    Ivan Turgenev Autograph Letter Signed "Iv. Turgeneff". Two pages of a bifolium, 5.25" x 8.25", June 14, [18]79. A letter to Eugene Schuyler, addressing his apparent exile from Russia:

    "I just received your kind letter and hastened to answer you, that I never was banished or exiled from Russia, that I intend to go to Petersburg before the end of the year, though I certainly received, during my last stay there, some friendly and half-official hints, that my temporal absence was a desirable thing. I had nothing to fear for myself, but my young friends could suffer from my staying longer, as they did actually...So I went. All the information to the contrary in the newspapers &c. are false. You know perhaps that I am going to Oxford, where the University intends to confer upon me the dignity of D.C.L. a very great, and very unexpected honor, especially at the present time. The perpetual change of residence must be rather annoying to you, but I think it is impossible not to prefer Renee to Birmingham. I hope I will have the pleasure of seeing you on your way to Italy. My promotion takes place the 18th of this month, and on the 21st I am again here, at Bougival, and remain here till the month of November.

    Turgenev (1818-1883) was a Russian novelist, known best for his work Fathers and Sons (1862), which took a pointed look at the growing generational schism between generations in Russia and the developing nihilist movement. When Fathers and Sons was published, Turgenev faced both critical and political backlash, causing him to spend more time in Europe where his work was more greatly appreciated. His final novel, Virgin Soil (1877), was also harshly received by his native country due to its commentary on Populism. Subsequently, Turgenev imposed his self-exile and refrained from writing about Russia's political state. He resided, for the most part, in Europe for the remainder of his days. The degree from Oxford that he mentions was that of Doctor of Civil Law.

    Turgenev is writing to Eugene Schuyler, who was a diplomat and translator for both Turgenev and Leo Tolstoy. Schuyler met Turgenev in 1867, and soon after Turgenev introduced Schuyler to Tolstoy. Schuyler was the first American translator of Turgenev's and Tolstoy's work. Schuyler received a consulate appointment in Moscow in August 1867. He would later serve in the consulates in Romania, Serbia, Greece, and Rome (which Turgenev references in this letter).

    Condition: Usual mail fold, else excellent with clean paper and bold ink.


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