DescriptionAnthony Wayne Archive of Journals with Nine Signatures. Wonderful group of three journals totaling 58 pages with nine signatures of "Mad" Anthony Wayne. There are references to land owned by Wayne, Benjamin Franklin, and a multipage high content treatise on those "...who have thus gloriously died and that the liberty which our American and Euopean Brothers, do now struggle for and may remain invaluable to..."
Wayne was active in local activities during the early Revolutionary movement and represented his county in the provincial assembly of 1755. He was appointed a colonel in the Continental service, serving throughout the war and retired as a brevet major general in 1783. He favored ratification of the Constitution and served in Congress. Washington called him back into the army where he defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers.
One of the items is a 21 page autographed document signed six times as "A. Y. Wayne." It measures 3.75" x 6" inches and appears to be Wayne's land survey book for the year 1770 written entirely in his hand. The booklet is bound together by string and contains several land surveys including the lands of Joseph Mitchell, Sarah Christie, David Howells, Jacob Bough, Thomas Williams, Josiah Hibberts, Moses Davis, and Joseph Pratts. One page reads "Persons names through which the new proposed road will pass. Beginning near the...by land lines of Mr. William George Smith and William Garret, Ray Gale, James Galbieth, Thos. Rees, Tho. Lewis, Joseph Garret, Thos. Jones, Lewis Williams, Jacob Lewis, Abraham Lewis, Thos. Naling...Thos. Ganet, James Sill, Levy Bowen, Abraham Lewis...Joseph Potts, John Boogs, Robert Jones, Isaac Wayne, Joshua Evans, Michael Wayne, Henry Good, William Ellis ..." Some edge chipping and wrinkling, but the surveys are boldly written and signed. From the Ridgway-Wayne estate. An additional 2½ pages are faintly written in pencil and read in part, "At a time when the invaluable of...sum at State and the very vital four excellent constitution, wounded in...hand by those when why rough to guard and supported gun as I am gent unto from our harty Regiment in your Noble and distinguished reputation of...to the non importation...untill the...are duties only imported...into the...Colonies be totally separate and as...the your...if not trafficking with the Body Island in a who contrary to...with the other colonies for non imports who have...for the view of a...landed gain given up non liberties which is the woods of the Intimated...ado from was handed down from ago to...The let it not die with as best priority...with it to fewer...that after age may...Name of one am...who have thus gloriously died and that the liberty which our American and Euopean Brothers, do now struggle for and may remain invaluable to the...of time. Mark Morris Bark No. 1 3.7 Wide 2- 4 high 10 feet long."
A 30 page Autograph Document measuring 3.75" x 6" and is Wayne's survey book for 1769 written entirely in his hand. On page one, his name is written in the text, "...through the land of...Anto. Wayne near the Lands of sd. Wayne..." Entries include: "Land late of John Taylor Situate in the Township of West Bradford in the County of Chester" "Land of John Griffith which he purchased of Andrew Steel..." "Courses and Distances of Mr. James Hunters Land Situate in the Township of Radnor." On the fourth page from the last, Wayne practiced writing his last name several times. A Quaker, Wayne often wrote the day and month in the Quaker fashion, e.g., "the 13th day of the 1st month," March being the first month to Quakers. The penmanship is bold and the pages are bound by string; some normal toning, but overall in very good condition.
The final booklet is a seven page booklet held together by a long nail, written entirely in his hand and signed twice including surveys of land made by Wayne in 1772. The book measures 4" x 6.25". One survey concludes, "Survey'd Octr 1772 By Anty Wayne"; on the next page, he signs in the text, "The land late of Arthur Moore was Survey'd the 2nd Nov 1772 by John Sellers & Anty Wayne." The pages are filled with notations and measurements in Wayne's hand, such as "Courses & Distances of a Road Beg.g at the Line Dividing the County of Berk & Chester and on the Land of David Dones's & opposite A. Smith's shop..." The writing is cramped on some pages and well-spaced on others; the ink is nice and dark. Some toning and foxing. Four of the pages are held together by an old straight pin; two other pages are separate. Although not an outstanding student, Wayne qualified as a surveyor and, in 1765, was sent to Nova Scotia for a year to survey land owned by Benjamin Franklin and others. When he returned to Waynesborough, he lived on his father's estate and took charge of the tannery, while continuing his surveying. This is a rare example of Wayne's early occupation. The archive also includes two engravings of General "Mad" Anthony Wayne from the Ridgway-Wayne estate.
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