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    Description

    An 1804 Appeal for Corn from Cherokee Leaders in Muscle Shoals, Alabama. This fascinating document is "signed" by five Chiefs, including a well-known leader named Double Head. Once a fierce foe of the white man, Double Head returned from a visit with President George Washington a changed man. After that encounter he adopted the ways of the whites, although he remained a strong defender of Cherokee rights under Treaty. Please see a more detailed description on our web site, as well as a transcription of the Indians' lyrically-worded appeal for food. Double Head's story of assimilation is representative of the experience of many Cherokee in the early part of the 19th century. This is a handwritten retained copy of their appeal, very legible and in excellent condition but for the water stains as shown. 9.5" x 11" and very nice for display.

    More Information:

    Dated March 27, 1804 the document reads, "Friend & Father, last fall when I came to see you at Southwest Point, you said you was glad to see me - Now when you see my beloved Chief Skiuka you will consider you are looking at my friend, who we send to you to let you know our present distress - my friend & Brother & Father, listen to our petition & help Skiuka and my young men that is with him, so that they may return quick with relief - We are like to perish for bread - We have by industry failed the last year to make bread, not owing to indolence, but owing to the hand of the great spirit above not sending us rain to the drought - we have, tho', industry procured a few dollars, which Skiuka brings to you in order to purchase corn. We have numbered our people that live in this town. There is one hundred & twenty one Indians of us besides some white people fifteen in number - we have not corn enough to last one week we think that three bushels of corn for each will keep us alive till our crops will receive us - Now our friend & father we petition you to take what money we have sent, and what it lacks of paying for 363 bushels of corn you will help us to the balance- We are Indians & have but little money what we have we have sent you - you will look to at present for life - If our father grants us this relief then we shall know he is our father in reality - If he looks for ... we make it as quick as we are able - you will also please to furnish our people with canoes or boats to bring us corn & protection & send them back to us with relief quick - now our fathers, friend & Brothers we are looking up to the great Spirit above to protect & lengthen your days & incline your heart to relive us. We are Kate Giskee, Double Head, The Leed, Sequichee, Path Killer."

    Chief Doublehead was the most interesting of the Cherokee Chiefs in the Tennesee Basin of Alabama. Chief Doublehead established a town on the Tennessee River at the head of Muscle Shoals in 1790. This village sat at the mouth of Blue Water Creek in Lauderdale County. Doublehead's brother was Chief Old Tassel, one of the Cherokees most well-known and beloved chiefs. When he was murdered with the aid of the white mayor James Hubbert, Doublehead went on the rampage, attacking white settlers throughout the Cumberland Mountains of Tennessee. This six year warpath from 1788 to 1794. He was even accused of encouraging his warriors to cannibalism of the dead during this escapade. At the end of his warpath, Doublehead met with President George Washington at the nation's capital, and he returned a changed man. Though he began to mimic the ways of the whites and built a large cabin, he continued to defend the Cherokees land rights in various treaties until his death. This change of heart was characteristic of the Cherokees during this time, many of whom adopted the manners and customs of the whites. He even went as far as forming the Doublehead Company that leased 1,000 acres to more than 50 white settlers between the Elk River and Cypress Creek. Doublehead was murdered in a savagely interesting tale chronicled by the famous Indian canoe fighter, Sam Dale. On a trip to a ball game on the Hiwasee River, Doublehead engaged in a series of arguments with two Cherokee warriors and a white Indian trader.



    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    November, 2013
    24th Sunday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 2
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