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    Description

    Abraham Lincoln Military Commission Signed as president. One page, partly-printed vellum, mounted to board, 14.5" x 19.5", September 19, 1861, Washington, D.C. Countersigned by Simon Cameron as Secretary of War. This martially vignetted document appoints "Charles S. Lovell" as "Major in the tenth Regiment of Infantry." Its blue affixed seal is intact with one horizontal fold line; another flattened horizontal fold goes through the top of Lincoln's clear and full signature but detracts little. A bit of light surface soiling, top left corner crinkled, else fine.

    Charles Swain Lovell (1811-1871) was a career army officer. He enlisted as a private in the 2nd United States artillery in January 1831. He served in various garrisons, and rose through the ranks achieving 2nd lieutenant in October 1837, 1st lieutenant in July 1838, and captain in June 1846. As such, Lovell took part in the battles of Churubusco, Molino del Rey, Chapultepec, and the city of Mexico. He then served in the territories until the Civil War. After the promotion to major made official by the above document, Lovell commanded a brigade at Gaines's Mills, Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. From 1863-1865 he was on provost-marshal duty in Wisconsin. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 18th infantry in January 1863, and colonel of the 14th infantry in February 1865. His Civil War brevet promotions include: lieutenant colonel for gallantry at Gaines's Mills; colonel for Malvern Hill; and brigadier-general, United States Army, for Antietam. After the war, he commanded his regiment at Fort Yuma, California, and on December 15, 1870, Lovell was retired from active service; he lived out his life in Louisville, Kentucky. This lot also includes two items related to Lovell's father-in-law, Robert Armstrong:

    Robert Armstrong (1792-1854) Autograph Letter Signed
    "R A", likely to his daughter Margaret. Two+ pages on foldover lettersheet, 6.5" x 8", July 3 [no year], Washington [D.C.], a personal letter that mentions Captain Lovell. Also, a later manuscript family document (with newspaper clipping) that copies the Appleton biography of Armstrong and gives information regarding his well-known friendship with Andrew Jackson, a friendship so close that Jackson willed his "case of pistols and sword worn by me throughout my military career" to Armstrong. Armstrong was a U.S. Army officer, serving in the War of 1812, including on Jackson's staff at the Battle of New Orleans. He served as consul to Liverpool from 1845-1849, and later owned the Washington Union newspaper. Both of these additional pieces are in very good condition with fold weakness. A nice family grouping.

    Also, Document Signed "James [?]". One page, 8" x 10.5", October 26, 1891, Cave Hill, Kentucky, National Military Cemetery, stating that the "vacant space between Genl. Lovells monument, and Headstone marked 1205 is reserved for Mrs. Genl. Lovell. By order of Col. H. C. Hodges." Fine. With hand-drawn map of Lovell's cemetery plot.


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    Auction Dates
    March, 2009
    6th-7th Friday-Saturday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 3
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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