Description

    Andrew Jackson Receives His Second Pay as a Major General

    [War of 1812]. Andrew Jackson Pay Receipt Signed. One partially-printed page, 7.75" x 2.75", n. p. [near Mobile], n. d. [circa September 1814]. Jackson, who had previously been in command of volunteers (as a major general) from his home state of Tennessee since 1802, was commissioned a brigadier general in the United States Army in April 1814 for his gallantry and leadership at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend [Alabama, March 27, 1814] and as a major general in command of all American troops on the southern frontier on May 1, 1814. Here he receives a second paycheck at his new rank, in full:

    "Received of Captain Walters [Waters] Allen Assistant District Pay-Master, Seven Hundred & fifty three Dollars 33 Cents being my Pay in full, from the 8th June 1814 to the 30 September 1814 having signed duplicates hereof."

    Two weeks prior to receiving his pay, Gen. Jackson was in Mobile and successfully defended that city at the First Battle of Fort Bowyer (September 14-16, 1814). The defeat of the British at Mobile convinced them that an invasion of New Orleans may be more successful. Having received intelligence that the British were debating a run on New Orleans, Jackson moved his army in that direction, entering the city on December 1, 1814. The British launched their assault on January 8, 1815, and Jackson whipped them soundly, making him a national hero. Just as reports of the burning of Washington reached him weeks after the fact, news of the signing of the Treaty of Ghent two weeks earlier had reached neither the British invasion force nor the Americans defending the city. It was not until February that news reached Louisiana that the war was over. Jackson's next pay order would include pay for the Battle of New Orleans.

    Lightly toned, especially along the left and right edges; small spot of staining at right edge. Upper right corner slightly damaged.


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    Auction Dates
    October, 2013
    17th-18th Thursday-Friday
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