Description[Somervell Expedition]. John M. Swisher Second Class Debt Certificate Signed "Jno M. Swisher." One partially-printed page, 12" x 10.5", Austin, July 15, 1851. This certificate, numbered 1690 and acknowledging a "Public Debt of the Late Republic of Texas," certifies that "S. Fuqua . . . filed with the Auditor and Comptroller A claim for the balance of Pay for services as Sergt on the Somervell Campaign amounting to Forty three 50/100 Dollars." Smoothed folds show light discoloration. Cancellation cuts are almost imperceptible. Stamped "paid" across the front. Some bleedthrough. Docketed on the verso, which includes a transfer signed by Fuqua. A paper seal also exists on the verso.
Sergeant Fuqua served among the 700 men under Alexander Somervell in late 1842 on the disastrous "invasion" of Mexico, in retaliation to a Mexican invasion of the Republic of Texas. After recognizing that his expedition was a failure, Somervell ordered the men to disband and return home. Fuqua likely did so, but over one-hundred and eighty didn't, choosing instead to venture deeper into Mexico, a venture known as the Mier Expedition.
During the Texas Revolution, John Swisher (1819-1891) and a dozen men headed to relieve William Travis at the Alamo, but upon reaching Gonzales on March 5, 1836, joined Sam Houston's army and took part instead in the Battle of San Jacinto. After the war, Swisher worked for the Texas government as a clerk in the treasury department, the auditor's office, the Ninth Congress of the Republic of Texas, and at the Convention of 1845. He was appointed auditor of public accounts in 1848 and paymaster of the Texas Rangers from 1860 until secession.
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