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    [Santa Fe Expedition]. William L. Cazneau Document Signed. One page, 10.75" x 8.5"; undated, but circa 1841. At top: "Average Cost of Articles of Subsistence furnished the Santa Fe Expedition In Texas Treas. Notes". Beneath which are listed goods and their costs, including beef, bacon, pork, sugar, coffee, salt, soap, flour, et al. Cazneau signs as Commissary General. With filing docket on verso.

    William L. Cazneau (1807-1876) arrived in Matagorda, Texas in 1830 and established a general store. He was a member of the guard assigned to escort Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna to Galveston Island after the Battle of San Jacinto. Cazneau was appointed commissary general in 1839 by Mirabeau Lamar, and it is in that capacity that he signs the document offered here. From the Robert E. Davis Collection.

    Condition: With flattened folds that have been reinforced on verso, with bits of paper loss. Chips and small tears along bottom at folds.

    More Information:

    The Texan Santa Fe Expedition grew out of Texas' need for trade. President Lamar hoped to divert to Texas at least a part of the trade then carried over the Santa Fe Trail as well as establish Texas jurisdiction over the Santa Fe area. The Republic of Texas had laid claim over the area by an act of December 19, 1836; but the claim was never asserted. The expedition sought to not only influence trade, but also convince New Mexican settlements to approve a change in government. A call for volunteers was issued, and merchants were promised transportation and protection for their goods to Santa Fe. McLeod was selected to command the military force, to protect the merchants. Twenty-one ox-drawn wagons carried the supplies as well as the merchandise of the traders, which was valued at $200,000. The Texans had expected to be welcomed by the citizens of New Mexico but ended up being captured by the army of Governor Manuel Armijo of New Mexico. The capture of the Texans was the subject of heated diplomatic controversy between the United States and Mexico; the prisoners were finally released in April 1842.

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