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    [Santa Fe Expedition]. John M. Swisher Second Class Debt Certificate Signed "Jno M. Swisher." One partially-printed page, 11.5" x 10.5", Austin, September 1, 1851. This certificate, numbered 2869 and acknowledging a "Public Debt of the Late Republic of Texas," certifies that "William Bissett . . . filed with the Auditor and Comptroller A claim for services and losses on the Santa Fe Expedition amounting to Three Hundred & Sixty one 25/100 Dollars." A few minor repairs to the few separations along the smoothed folds; some discoloration to the folds. Stamped "paid" three times across the front. Minor soiling with chipping along some edges. Docketed on the verso.

    The Santa Fe Expedition of 1841 was part of an attempt by the government of the Republic of Texas to bring trade moving along the Santa Fe Trail through Texas. The expedition began near Austin as merchants, with twenty-one wagons of goods valued near $200,000, were escorted by 321 soldiers with artillery. The expedition was poorly organized and executed. Traveling northwest in unfamiliar terrain, the party got lost. Meanwhile, food and water supplies ran short as hostile Indians harassed the party. When they finally arrived in New Mexico in mid-September 1841, they were met by a large Mexican Army. In no position to fight, the merchants and soldiers surrendered and were marched as prisoners to Mexico City. While there, they were rescued by U.S. diplomacy and released in April 1842. Though an unfortunate episode, it did bring Texas into the consciousness of the U.S. as war with Mexico loomed closer.

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    During the Texas Revolution, John Swisher (1819-1891) and a dozen men headed to relieve William Travis at the Alamo, but upon reaching Gonzales on March 5, 1836, joined Sam Houston's army and took part instead in the Battle of San Jacinto. After the war, Swisher worked for the Texas government as a clerk in the treasury department, the auditor's office, the Ninth Congress of the Republic of Texas, and at the Convention of 1845. He was appointed auditor of public accounts in 1848 and paymaster of the Texas Rangers from 1860 until secession.

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    Auction Dates
    March, 2015
    14th Saturday
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