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    "It is the greatest Engineering problem the world has ever known and . . . will go down . . . as marking one of the greatest Epochs in the world history"

    [Panama Canal]. Admiral John Grimes Walker Archive, dated 1834-1904, the bulk of which date from 1881-1904, and including an impressive collection of photographs, documents, and letters regarding the storied naval career of Admiral John Walker. This large and extensive archive features material regarding the second half of Admiral Walker's career, including his peacekeeping mission to Hawaii following the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy. It also includes the period he was personally chosen as an American representative by President William McKinley to negotiate for the Panama Canal. Among the many items that tell the admiral's fascinating story are two Theodore Roosevelt Typed Letters Signed; one Franklin Roosevelt Document Signed; six Grover Cleveland Typed Letters Signed; four Chester Arthur Typed Letters Signed; and three William Tecumseh Sherman Autograph Letters Signed. Other significant figures whose signed letters and documents are included are Admiral David Porter, John Hay, and several Secretaries of the Navy. This archive is well organized and has been well cared for. Many of the letters retain their original envelops. Documents and letters bear minor chipping around the edges, modestly irregular toning, and expected wear.

    John Walker (1835-1907) graduated at the top of his 1856 class at the Naval Academy. He served on various U.S. ships during the Civil War, including operations related to the Confederate defeats at New Orleans and Vicksburg. After the war, he served as Assistant Superintendent of the Naval Academy from 1866-1869. He continued serving his country in various roles, such as a commander of various ships and other appointed positions in the U.S. Navy. In 1882, he served several times as a temporary Naval Secretary under Presidents Chester Arthur and Grover Cleveland (presidential signed directives are included in this archive). In 1894, he was appointed rear admiral. As such, he took the White Squadron (also known as the Squadron of Evolution), to the Hawaiian Islands in 1895, where a coup d'etat threatened the islands' leadership. (The White Squadron was an important naval unit during a transitional period of the U.S. Navy.) After retiring from the navy in 1897, he was chosen as President of the Nicaragua Canal Commission. Later on June 10, 1899, Walker was chosen to serve as President of the Isthmian Canal Commission, specifically tasked with finding a route for a canal across Central America that would be under U.S. ownership and control. He led groups that surveyed for several possible routes, including through Nicaragua and Panama. At first in November 1901, he recommended a route through Nicaragua, but just two months later, he changed his recommendation to Panama upon an offer to sell rights to the U.S. for $40 million.

    Included in this archive are eighteen scarce and exceptional albumen photographs featuring scenes from the early construction on the Panama Canal. The images measure 9.5" x 8" (mounted on 14.25" x 11.25" mounts). One photo and mount are slightly smaller: the photo measures 9.5" x 7.5" and the mount measures 12" x 9.5". The date of November 1899 is handwritten on each, as is other identifying information in French manuscript on the reverse. These photos were primarily created for Government use and apparently were never widely distributed. Many of these them feature Caribbean workers of African origin, some with shovels and picks in hand, who were brought to the isthmus in large numbers to work on the canal. (Yellow fever and malaria carried many away.) Other photos feature the Culebra Cut, rail lines used to haul the massive amounts of dirt away, hospitals and bungalows, excavators, and more. Some bear foxing, age-toning, and minor soiling.

    The earliest letters in the archive are orders for Walker, then a captain, to report for various duties. The first letter is a partly-printed letter dated March 10, 1881, from Bureau of Navigation Chief William Whiting in Washington directing Captain Walker to report to Commodore Cooper to take command of the USS Powhatan, a side-wheel steam frigate in the U.S. Navy. Only weeks later, Capt. Walker received a three-page letter dated April 27, 1881, signed by William Hunt, Secretary of the Navy in President Garfield's cabinet, ordering him to report to the Navy Yards in Brooklyn, New York. On July 7, 1881, Secretary Hunt sent another letter directing Walker to prepare the Powhatan to proceed to Norfolk. In additional letters signed by Naval Secretary Hunt, he directs Walker and the Powhatan to accompany the Constitution to Rhode Island (May 31, 1881) and deliver charges in a court martial (June 15, 1881).

    Secretary Hunt wanted to promote Walker to Chief of the Bureau of Navigation. In an "Unofficial" letter written on Navy Department letterhead, Secretary Hunt writes on August 6, 1881, "As soon as the President [James Garfield] recovers, it is my purpose to submit to him for approval your appointment as chief of the Bureau of Navigation." President Garfield had been shot earlier on July 2. Because of Garfield's grave condition, however, Walker's promotion was delayed. In a letter dated August 20 [1881], Admiral David Dixon Porter, who had served the U.S. Navy with distinction during the Civil War, writes a letter informing Walker on the reason for the delay on his promotion: they were "only waiting for the President to sign the papers" promoting Walker. "He [the president] evidently will be very glad when he gets you there for Whiting muddles things more and more. . . . Everything is upside down in the Navy Department and it's a hard thing to keep them straight." Garfield, however, died on September 19, never signing the appointment, but Walker was, nevertheless, promoted, serving from 1881 through 1889 as Chief of the Bureau of Navigation, a position that had been added during the Civil War in an effort to reorganize the Navy Department. One of its more important tasks was handling naval officer assignments. In an unpopular move during the fall of 1884, Naval Secretary William E. Chandler took away Walker's oversight of the Office of Detail, which actually assigned those naval officers. Walker, angered by the loss of this important oversight duty, sent letters to certain officials and politicians sympathetic to him. Two of their responses are included in this archive. One from Christopher R. P. Rodgers (an autograph letter signed and dated August 19, 1884) vehemently disagreed with Chandler's move. (Rodgers was a naval veteran of the Mexican War and Civil War. After the war, he served as superintendent of the Naval Academy.) Another letter from Senator William B. Allison dated August 19, 1884, also adamantly disagreed with Chandler's decision.

    Sporadically throughout 1882 through 1883, Walker served as President Chester Arthur and President Grover Cleveland's temporary Naval Secretary. On October 2, 1882, President Arthur sent Walker a signed letter directing him to "perform the duties of Secretary of the Navy during the temporary absence of the Secretary of the Navy, the Honorable William E. Chandler." Eight days later, President Arthur sent him another letter again authorizing Walker to serve as Secretary of the Navy. Three more similar letters were sent to Walker by the president, all bearing presidential signatures (February 20, 1884, September 5, 1884, and October 10, 1884). Then on March 28, 1885, only days after Grover Cleveland's inauguration, the new president signed a letter dated March 28, 1885, again directing Walker to serve as Secretary of the Navy, this time "during the temporary absence of . . . C. W. Whitney [William C. Whitney]." (Walker still served as the Chief of the Bureau Navigation at the time.) On six other occasions and through six more signed letters, President Cleveland signed letters directing Walker to serve temporarily as Naval Secretary (April 24 1885, May 22, 1885, June 17, 1885, October 2, 1885, March 18, 1886, and March 29, 1886).

    In 1890, Walker was appointed commander of the South Atlantic Station. This appointment, received in a letter dated May 3, 1890, on Navy Department stationery from Naval Secretary Benjamin Tracy, moved Walker near the center of events in South America. In a typed letter signed by Secretary Tracy, Walker is relieved "from the command of the European Station" and given "command of the South Atlantic Station." The Secretary further orders Walker to Buenos Ayres. After Walker arrived in Argentina, he wrote his wife two letters dated March 1892, informing her about his stay in the Argentinian city, where the new commander visited ministers, the president, and went on a sightseeing excursion. Morale in the U.S. Department of Navy, however, was low during this time, as exemplified in many of these letters. In one letter Walker wrote as commander, he accuses "Old Tracy" (Naval Secretary Benjamin Tracy) of having "no regard for the truth." Still, Walker had pride in the Naval Department. In the second letter, he informs his wife that the trip had been a success because it showed the South Americans that the U.S. had "modern ships, guns, and appliances." Included are several letters from Admiral David Dixon Porter, who truly exemplifies the department's morale problem, to Walker. Porter's letters are often marked "Confidential." In one letter from Porter dated April 28, 1881, he decries that "The Department is now in the most wretched condition one can imagine. . . . 'The Dept. is made up of a blind man, a cripple a drunkard and a damned fool!'" In other letters written throughout the 1880s, Porter continued writing Walker, usually with interesting content. In one, he wanted to know "how the telegraph runs from Auckland through what islands & states till it reaches Europe" (March 15, 1889). In another dated March 15, 1889, Porter notifies Walker of an unreasonable request from Naval Secretary Benjamin Tracy for Porter to report on the condition of the U.S. monitors: "I told him as the vessels had been lying in the mud for twenty years that I did not see the necessity of inspecting them at once."

    Walker also corresponded with William Tecumseh Sherman. Three William Tecumseh Sherman Autograph Letters Signed to Walker are included, all dated 1886-1887. The general appears to be mostly interested in naval history, but in the first, dated May 12, 1886, he discusses Ulysses S. Grant's recently published two-volume Personal Memoirs, particularly Grant's opposition to the Mexican War: "You have of command Grants first volume: he is very pronounced in treaty of the Cause of the Mexican War. viz the occupation by the U.S. of the Territory between the Nueces and Rio Grande (March-April 1846). And the Battle of Palo Alto & Resacca de los Palma. . . . On page 40 he states this Mexican War is 'unholy' and on page 53 'for myself I was bitterly opposed to the measure (Mexican War) and to this day regard the war which resulted as one of the most unjust." Sherman continues the letter with his own interesting thoughts on the Mexican War. He considered the war "like Sumpter, a result, not a cause."

    In March 1892, Admiral Walker, now commander of the White Squadron, sailed his fleet to Argentina. Included is a fourteen-page report from the "Legation of the United States. Buenos Aires" addressed to Secretary of State James G. Blaine. But it wasn't long before Walker was called on to sail to Hawaii, where a coup d'etat threatened the islands. Problems had begun on the Hawaiian islands after 1819, when Americans had begun arriving as missionaries. As more Americans arrived, they began influencing the Hawaiian political process, which had previously been a monarchy. In 1887, a constitution transferred most of the Hawaiian monarch's power to property-owning voters, who, by that time, were mostly Americans. In 1891, Queen Lili'uokalani became the last Hawaiian monarch. Two years later, she proposed a new constitution, which was opposed by the wealthy American elite on the islands, who, instead, favored annexation by the U.S. In early 1893, a provisional government led by Sanford Dole overthrew the queen. Despite her efforts - and those of President Cleveland - in the following years to regain power, she never did. Several letters and documents in this archive show the significant involvement of Walker in the subsequent events. In 1894, he was appointed rear admiral, ordered to take his White Squadron to Hawaii one year later with the unenviable task of protecting Americans and their interests - something he proved successful at doing.

    One bizarre item included in this archive that was likely an anti-Cleveland propaganda piece associated with Walker's Hawaiian assignment is a printed "Secret Message" purportedly from President Cleveland to "the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States" regarding an "evil spell" directed from the provisional governor (Sanford Dole) of Hawaii to the president. According to this document, President Cleveland chose "persons connected with the Super-natural department of the 'Smithsonian' to make a through [sic] examination. The evidence secured by them, and their report, is herewith submit." The document states that Hawaii's provisional government had resorted to the "heathenish, and diabolical practice of . . . praying to death" the president. The incantations, according to this document, directed towards the president caused him, and others, to do strange things. Thus, the president directed the Naval Secretary to send Admiral Walker to Hawaii to "quickly master the art" of "praying to death" the "infamous [Sanford B.] Dole into an unholy grave." Other included letters are not as bizarre, such as a letter giving Walker specific directions for his mission to Hawaii. On March 27, 1894, Naval Secretary Hilary A. Herbert signed a typed two and one-half page letter "to be considered strictly confidential" issuing Walker "guidance while in command of the U.S. Naval Forces on the Pacific Station" at Hawaii. Walker's "purpose as Commander of the Naval Forces of the United States will be the protection of the lives and property of American citizens. In case of any civil war in the islands, whether growing out of an attempt to restore the Queen, or an attempt to establish a permanent government . . . you will extend no aid or support, moral or physical, to any of the parties engaged." Some included letters give examples of efforts made to ease the tensions between Governor Sanford Dole and the U.S. Government. In an unsigned retained copy dated June 8, 1894, from the "Legation of the United States" at Honolulu addressed to F. M. Hatch, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, an unknown writer states, "It is accepted as an undisputed truth, that Mr. Dole and his friends, precipitated a revolution in this country, last year, without giving the usual notice required by international law of their intention to do so. It is equally true that I, as the representative of the United States, engaged in a fruitless attempt at the restoration of the Monarchy, owing to the fact that President Cleveland, being the son of a clergyman, took no stock in the descendants of missionary clergymen, who invariably deteriorate in the first generation." The author continues by offering his plan so that "both parties should be taken out of the uncomfortable excavation." The plan called for Minister Hatch to say that the USS Philadelphia, then at the Honolulu Harbor, was "extremely offensive" to President Dole's government and should be removed. The author of the letter, who obviously held a position of command, would then be bound to remove the ship. Another unsigned retained copy from the "Office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs" at Honolulu to A. M. Willis, Minister Plenipotentiary, concerned an excursion for Sanford Dole and John Walker. (Dole had been "impressed with the belief that Admiral Walker has, for some time, been secretly placing torpedoes in the channel of that harbor, for the purpose of destroying the 'Bonnie Dundee' which is the Flag-Ship of the Hawaiian Navy.") The letters illustrate the precarious nature of Walker's position in Hawaii. Still, he was successful in his mission and became known for his efforts as a peacemaker. In a letter from John L. Stevens, the former U.S. Minister to the Kingdom of Hawaii, Stevens praised Walker for his "wise, just, and statesmanlike conduct" regarding the complicated situation at Hawaii. Stevens goes further by complaining about President Cleveland's efforts to encourage the uprising of the Hawaiian Royalists. Walker received other letters, also included in this archive, about the Hawaiian situation, such as one A. L. Judd wrote on January 29, 1895, enclosing "an account of the royalist uprising printed for the private circulation only." That printed account is four pages of a bifolium dated January 24, 1895, from Honolulu and signed by Judd. Judd has addressed the document to Walker with his holograph "Not for publication" at the top. Many other letters regarding the events in Hawaii during 1894 and 1895 are included with more content on the "royalist rebellion" and the imprisonment of Queen Lili'uokalani.

    This archive also contains numerous documents and letters about Walker's important role in the early American development of the Panama Canal. After two French companies failed by the mid-1890s to construct a canal connecting the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, U.S. interest increased. Several canal routes were investigated, including those across Nicaragua and Panama. Walker was sent in late 1897 to oversee surveying for possible routes. From "San Juan del Norte," Walker notifies his wife Betty on December 17, 1897, that he had arrived off the coast of Nicaragua to begin surveying a possible route for a canal: "All our stores, instruments, provisions, &c, are here and we will soon get to work." After returning to Washington, Admiral Walker received a typed letter signed on Navy Department letterhead dated April 12, 1898, from Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt requesting Walker to join him for a meeting with the War Board. (Roosevelt's signature is large and bold.)

    In 1899, Admiral Walker was sent to Paris for negotiations between the various parties associated with a Central American canal. In a letter from Paris on September 1, 1899, to his wife Betty regarding the American negotiations with the Panama Canal Company on a canal, Walker explains, "We have had two long sessions with the officers of the Panama Co. . . . We have closed our examination into the Engineering questions connected with the Panama Canal but the officers of the Co. ask for two weeks in which to forecast the Economic, financial, political, and commercial sides of the question, including the whole matter of rights, privileges and franchises." Four days later he writes about inspecting the Keil Canal, which was finished four years earlier and linking the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. The following year on September 29, 1900, Walker received an important assignment directly from President William McKinley. As he explains to Betty, President McKinley had asked him to negotiate for the canal in Central America. "I may have to go soon to Central America to negotiate treaties with Nicaragua and Costa Rica looking to the construction of a canal. The President wishes me to go, saying that he thinks I can do it better than anybody Else and that unless Mr. Hay has something that he thinks better to propose, he intends to send me. . . . . I told the President that my presence here was very necessary, that it would be awkward to be absent from this time on . . . but he replied that nothing in connection with the canal scheme was so important as obtaining satisfactory treaties at once and that he believed I could carry the negotiations thought to a favorable conclusion. . . . It is the greatest Engineering problem the world has ever known and if successfully accomplished will go down to future generations as marking one of the greatest Epochs in the world history." Other canal-related letters are included from top ranking officials, such as Secretary of State John Hay, who, on November 30, 1900, signed a typed letter on "Department of State" letterhead asking Walker "what compensation for right of way we ought to offer Costa Rica in case we make any arrangements with them." Later on April 24, 1901, Hay signed another typed letter asking Walker to negotiate for sites for U.S. naval bases "on the eastern and western sides of the Isthmus of Panama." On January 16, 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt signed a typed letter on White House stationery asking for clarification on a matter regarding the Canal Commission.

    Owing in part to Walker's work, the U.S. Senate approved action six months later on June 2, 1902, to pursue a Panama route, but only if the necessary rights could be obtained. On June 30, 1902, Professor John Moore wrote Walker a letter of congratulations for his important role in securing the act. But important work still remained to be done. In an interesting four-page letter written on December 6, 1903, from "Colon, Republic of Panama," Walker informed his wife of the remaining dangers still threatening the commencement of the construction of the Panama Canal: "the treaty was ratified without change [by Panama officials] . . . and then brought around to me for my inspection. Of course, I promptly cabled the President. . . . The new republic seems to be fairly on its legs. . . . The people of the Isthmus appear to be strongly in favor of the new order of things, and delighted with the prospect of work beginning on the canal. There has been a good deal of talk of the Columbians using force to bring the Isthmus under subjection again. . . . As long as the United States stands in the way, they can bring no troops here by water. . . . I think the greatest danger will come from an attempt at a coup which may possibly be made by a few men." On August 4, 1904, Walker wrote another letter to his wife from Panama on "Canal de Panama" stationery informing her that he was now "acting Governor at the Canal Zone" because the governor - George W. Davis - had left in order to tend to his ailing wife. Three days later Walker informed his wife that he was still serving as governor "in addition to [his] duties as chairman of the commission." His duties as chairman were still important because he was still negotiating with the Panama government, which feared American oppression on its people. "We have no intention of oppressing them, only wanting what is necessary and right for the production of the great work we have undertaken." This five-page letter ends the archive.

    The following are also included: an Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Roosevelt Naval Department DS; Simon Greenleaf Autograph Letter Signed dated March 19, 1834, from Cambridge inquiring about legal remedies for landowners in Boston; presidential invitation (unsigned) dated 1890 to the White House; receipt for entertaining Brazilian naval officers (1890); military reports; various letters appointing Walker to new positions; letters regarding the Admiral Winfield S. Schley Controversy over the Battle of Santiago during the Spanish-American War; a letter notifying Walker that he had been "unanimously chosen" to join the Society of Cincinnati; five letters signed by investment banker W. Cameron Forbes offering Walker the Canal Library; more letters from Admiral David Porter; Walker's appointment in 1884 to test "the Steam Yacht 'Yosemite,'" signed by Naval Secretary William Chandler; a letter dated September 1882 from Charles Scribners & Sons asking Walker to contribute to a forthcoming publication about the "part taken by the Navy" in the Civil War; and more. This is a fascinating archive covering important events during a time in American history when the United States, aided in chief by its reorganizing navy, was expanding its global reach. It certainly merits much further research.


    More Information:

    Following is a list of all letters and documents:

     

    Simon Greenleaf. One page. March 19, 1834. A letter inquiring about remedies for owner of land in Boston, over which a new street is to be laid.

     

    William Henry Whitney. One page. March 10, 1881. A letter directing Captain Walker to report to Commodore Cooper to take command of the U.S. Steamer Powhatan.

     

    William Henry Hunt. Three pages. April 27, 1881. A letter ordering Captain Walker to report to the Navy Yards, Brooklyn, New York.

     

    William Henry Hunt. One page. July 7, 1881. A letter directing Captain Walker to prepare his ship (Powhatan) to proceed to Norfolk.

     

    David Dixon Porter. Two pages. August 20, 1881. A letter concerning the President who is about to sign orders for Walker to replace William Whitney as Secretary of the Navy. Also contains complaint about Naval Department.

     

    Chester Arthur. One page. October 2, 1882. A letter directing John Walker to assume the duties of Secretary of the Navy in the absence of William Chandler.

     

    Chester Arthur. One page. October 10, 1882. A letter directing John Walker to assume the duties of Secretary of Navy in the absence of William Chandler.

     

    Chester Arthur. One page. February 20, 1884. A letter directing John Walker to assume the duties of Secretary of the Navy in the absence of William Chandler.

     

    Chester Arthur. One page. September 5, 1884. A letter directing John Walker to assume the duties of Secretary of the Navy in the absence of William Chandler.

     

    Chester Arthur. One page. October 10, 1884. A letter directing John Walker to assume the duties of Secretary of the Navy in the absence of William Chandler.

     

    Grover Cleveland. One page. March 28, 1885. A letter authorizing John Walker to perform the duties of the Secretary of the Navy during the absence of the Secretary of the Navy William Whitney.

     

    Grover Cleveland. One page. April 24, 1885. A letter authorizing John Walker to perform duties of the Secretary of the Navy during the absence of the Secretary of the Navy William Whitney.

     

    Grover Cleveland. One page. May 22, 1885. A letter authorizing John Walker to perform the duties of the Secretary of the Navy during the absence of the Secretary of the Navy William Whitney.

     

    Grover Cleveland. One page. June 17, 1885. A letter authorizing John Walker to perform the duties of the Secretary of the Navy during the absence of the Secretary of the Navy William Whitney.

     

    Grover Cleveland. One page. October 2, 1885. A letter authorizing John Walker to perform the duties of the Secretary of the Navy during the absence of the Secretary of the Navy William Whitney.

     

    Grover Cleveland. One page. March 18, 1886. A letter authorizing John Walker to perform the duties of the Secretary of the Navy during the absence of the Secretary of the Navy William Whitney.

     

    Grover Cleveland. One page. March 29, 1886. A letter authorizing John Walker to perform the duties of the Secretary of the Navy during the absence of the Secretary of the Navy William Whitney.

     

    Grover Cleveland. One page typed letter signed in print. Circa 1898. A print concerning an "evil spell" against the President by the provisional governor of Hawaii. The document directs Walker to travel to Hawaii and make himself familiar with this method of destruction and to put Dole into an early grave.

     

    John R. G. Pitkin. Three pages. February 2, 1892. A letter inquiring about the arrival of the Admiral's ships (the Squadron of Evolution).

     

    John R. G. Pitkin. Fourteen pages. March 28, 1892. A letter originally addressed to James G. Blaine, Secretary of State, concerning the arrival of the U.S. Squadron of Evolution on 16 March, 1892.

     

    Franklin D. Roosevelt. One page. Undated. Certificate to Mrs. John G. Walker titled "Eyes of the Navy" for providing binoculars, telescopes, spyglasses, and more, to the Navy during World War I.

     

    William Tecumseh Sherman. Four pages. May 12, 1886. A letter concerning Ulysses Grant's Personal Memoirs, the 1845 annexation of Texas, the 1846 occupation of U.S. territory between U.S. and Mexico, and the Mexican War.

     

    William Tecumseh Sherman.  Three pages. March 2, 1887. A letter containing further discussion and questions about the Mexican War.

     

    William Tecumseh Sherman. One page. April 27, 1887. Thank you letter for the admiral's letter of April 25th.

     

    David Dixon Porter. Four pages. January 19, 1880. A letter about Sherman and Admiral Gustav Scott and wishing for a Board of Admirals in the Navy Department.

     

    David Dixon Porter. Four pages. April 28, 1881. A letter describing the Department of the Navy is made up of "blind men, a cripple, a drunkard, and a damned fool."

     

    William Henry Hunt. Two pages. May 31, 1881. A letter directing Captain John Walker to take the Powhatan and accompany the Constitution from Hampton Roads to Newport, RI.

     

    William Henry Hunt. One page. June 15, 1881. A letter to deliver charges against Charles E. Ivier for trial by General Court Martial.

     

    William Henry Hunt. One page. August 6, 1881. A letter about the recovery of President Garfield. John Walker to be appointed as Chief of the Bureau of Navigation.

     

    David Dixon Porter. Four pages. August 13, 1881. Letter marked "Confidential" on the front page and "Burn this!" on the back page. Seems to be discussing the intrigue of Walker's appointment as Chief of Bureau of Navigation.

     

    David Dixon Porter. Four pages. September 4, 1881. Referring to "when the president [Garfield] gets well."

     

    David Dixon Porter. Three pages. February 4, 1882. Letter marked "Confidential," requests Walker appoint Capt. Green as commander of the Washington Navy Yard, not Capt. Gills.

     

    David Dixon Porter. Three pages. April 29, 1882. Letter complaining about a "stand still" resulting from the "new circular" specifying the duties of each Bureau in the Department of the Navy.

     

    David Dixon Porter. Six pages. May 1, 1882. Marked "Confidential."

     

    Charles Scribner's Sons. Seven pages September 23, 1882. A letter concerning the publishers desire to publish a history of naval campaigns during the Civil War.

     

    William Eaton Chandler. Two pages. July 12, 1884. A letter appointing Commodore Walker and three other individuals to a board to test the steam yacht Yosemite.

     

    Christopher Raymond Perry Rogers. Eight pages. August 19, 1884.

     

    William Boyd Allison. Two pages. August 19, 1884. A letter about Naval Secretary Chandler's plans for the Navy Department-"I do not like it in any way."

     

    David Dixon Porter. Two pages. March 15, 1889. A letter reading "Confidential" requesting information about telegraph lines from Auckland to Europe. Also, concerning promotion of "that immaculate Lieutenant Fremont."

     

    David Dixon Porter. Two pages. March 15, 1889. A letter reading "Confidential" concerning "the inspecting of the monitors" and Porter's concern and confusion about the sudden haste in inspecting them.

     

    Benjamin Franklin Tracy. One page. May 3, 1890. Letter giving command of the South Atlantic Station to Admiral Walker.

     

    Benjamin Harrison. One page unsigned. 1890. An invitation to attend a dinner for the officers of the Brazilian Squadron.

     

    [Illegible Name] One page. December 8, 1890. A letter acknowledging the receipt of "three hundred and thirteen & 56/100 dollars unexpected balance . . . for entertaining the Brazilian officers."

     

    Ensign W. O. Hulme. Two pages. January 11, 1892. Letter reporting on shipment of munitions for Chile.

     

    Ensign W. O. Hulme. One page. January 18, 1892. Letter that may be a follow-up report to the January 11, 1892, letter.

     

    George W. Fishback. Two pages. February 1, 1892. A letter forwarding a brief newspaper article from La Prenza.

     

    James Walker. Four pages. March 15, 1892. A letter to Mrs. Walker concerning the Squadron of Evolution.

     

    James Walker. Seven pages. March 28, 1892. A letter to Mrs. Walker concerning his South American trip. The admiral also writes of the good relations that the Squadron of Evolution producing between the US and Argentina during visits from the President and Cabinet of Argentina.

     

    Hilary Abner Herbert. Three pages. March 27, 1894. A letter providing guidance to Walker while in command of the U.S. Navy forces on the Pacific Station.

     

    William Armstrong. One page. June 2, 1894. A humorous letter to Admiral Walker on the "nuts" from the Cocoa-nut Club to Capt. Baker.

     

    [Unknown] Three pages. June 8, 1894. A letter discussing the Hawaiian rebellion and Sanford Dole.

     

    [Unknown] Three pages. June 9, 1894. A letter concerns false information that Admiral Walker had been trying to destroy the  Hawaiian Navy flagship Bonnie Dundee.

     

    John Leavitt Stevens. Three pages. December 25, 1894. Letter thanking the Admiral for his statesmanship and complaining about Grover Cleveland's actions in Hawaii to encourage the uprising of the Royalists.

     

    A. L. Judd. One page. January 11, 1895. A letter accusing "The 'rebels,' Royalists" of precipitating "their uprising."

     

    A. L. Judd. Two pages. January 29, 1895. A letter concerning the Hawaiian Royalists Revolt.

     

    A. L. Judd. Four pages. January 24, 1895. A printed letter with "Not for publication" handwritten on top. The first sentence reads, "I cannot undertake to give you a full history of the late royalist rebellion, whose object was to re-instate the ex-Queen."

     

    William M. Armstrong. Five pages. February 6, 1895. A letter concerning the uprising in Honolulu. "Self-typewritten" handwritten at the bottom page four.

     

    William M. Armstrong. Nine pages. February 15 [1895]. A letter concerning the imprisoning of the Queen of Hawaii, with excerpts from her diary.

     

    A. L. Judd. Four pages. September 15, 1895. Letter talks about the Cholera outbreak. Also contains a newspaper clipping entitled "Walker in Honolulu."

     

    William McAdoo. Two pages. August 14, 1896. A letter discussing appointment of Admiral Walker to the Santa Monica Commission.

     

    James Walker. Two pages. December 17, 1897. Letter notifying Mrs. Walker of their arrival off the coast of Nicaragua to begin surveying possible route for a canal.

     

    L. E. McComas. One page. May 7, 1898. Cover letter.

     

    John D. Long. Three pages. May 5, 1898. Letter concerning a presumed complaint from Admiral Walker about not being appointed to the Naval War Board.

     

    Theodore Roosevelt. One page. April 12, 1898. Letter requesting Admiral Walker to be on hand for a meeting with the War Board.

     

    Sidney A. Staunton. Twelve pages. June 26, 1898. A letter marked "Strictly Confidential," detailing the naval battle at Santiago and providing insight into the later Schley Controversy.

     

    Sidney A. Staunton. Six pages. July 29, 1898. A letter with continued discussion of the Schley Controversy.

     

    James Walker. Nine pages. Dated September 1, September 5, and September 7, 1899, to Mrs. Walker concerning negotiations for the Panama Canal.

     

    James Walker. Eight pages. September 29, 1900. Letter to Mrs. Walker explaining that the President may send him to Central America to negotiate treaties with Nicaragua and Costa Rica.

     

    John Hay. One page. November 30, 1900. Letter asking Admiral Walker for guidance on possible compensation for Costa Rica's right of way.

     

    John Hay. Two pages. April 24, 1901. A letter to the Canal Commission suggesting a negotiation for sites for naval bases on the eastern and western sides of Panama.

     

    Theodore Roosevelt. One page. January 16, 1902. A letter requesting Admiral Walker have a report ready about a proposition related to a telegram.

     

    John Bassett Moore. One page. June 30, 1902. A letter congratulating Admiral Walker on the enactment of the law to construct the Interoceanic Canal.

     

    John Milton Hay. One page. February 7, 1903. A letter requesting Admiral Walker give the Attorney General a copy of whatever was sent to Paris in regard to the renewal of the option of the Panama Canal.

     

    Jean Jusserand. Two pages. February 15, 1903. A letter to Admiral Walker thanking him for being selected as a member of the Metropolitan Club.

     

    John Hay. One page. June 20, 1903. A letter briefly expressing concern for the Columbian Congress.

     

    James Walker. Four pages. December 6, 1903. A letter to Mrs. Walker concerning the remaining dangers still threatening the commencement of the construction of the Panama Canal

     

    Frederick Bacon Philbrook. Two pages. March 25, 1904. A letter stating that Admiral Walker has been unanimously chosen a member of the Society of the Cincinnati as the hereditary representative of Lieutenant Aaron Walker of the Continental Army.

     

    William Cameron Forbes. One page. February 13, 1904. A letter offering the Canal Library to the Canal Commission, or, if refused, to Admiral Walker as a gift.

     

    William Cameron Forbes. One page. March 23, 1904. A letter reminding Admiral Walker of the Canal Library offer.

     

    William Cameron Forbes. One page. May 12, 1904. A letter discussing the Canal Library.

     

    William Cameron Forbes. One page. May 18, 1904. Further discussion of the Canal Library.

     

    William Cameron Forbes. One page. June 8, 1904. Further information about the Canal Library.

     

    James Walker. Two pages. August 4, 1904. Informing Mrs. Walker that he was now "acting Governor at the Canal Zone."

     

    James Walker. Five pages. August 7, 1904. A letter to Mrs. Walker describing duties and mosquitos.

     

     



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