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    Juárez letter announcing that he has "set up residence of the government" in Chihuahua

    [Maximilian Affair]. Benito Juárez Autograph Letter Signed. Two pages, 7.75" x 9.75"; Chihuahua, October 22, 1864. Great content letter to Don Antonio Ochoa relaying his location and news of the war against the French. In part: "On the 12th instant I arrived in this capital, where I have set up the residence of the government of our country, and where I place myself at your disposition... From a letter dated the 10th of this month that I received from the Laguna de Matamoros, I have learned that 400 of the French massing at Parras have retreated, and it is believed they are going to assist Megia, who has been defeated by Cortinas in Tamaulipas. Whether one judges by this indication or by any other, one can be certain that the enemy is still unable to mount his expedition into this State, and that we shall have time to organize its defense... I am very sorry that you are so far away from this city, since I would greatly have enjoyed talking to you, and hearing your advice on how to employ the resources of this State so that my plans produce the result I have in mind; which is the defense of this State and our national independence..."

    The French advance in 1863 had forced Juárez to flee Mexico City. They retreated first to San Luis de Potosi, and eventually setting up government in exile in Chihuahua.

    The French had proclaimed Maximilian emperor in April 1864, and on October 2, just 3 weeks before the date of this letter, Maximilian issued a decree that any Mexican national captured in battle would be executed immediately. Juárez would finally succeed in expelling the French forces almost three years later. The period of French intervention finally ending with Maximilian's execution on June 19, 1867.

    Condition: Flattened folds, with a few stray stains and small creases at margins. The second page of the letter has an area of heavy soiling, a result of how the letter was folded an stored. Together with an engraving of Juárez.



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    Auction Dates
    March, 2016
    12th Saturday
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