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    [Martin Luther King, Jr.]. Copy of "List of Persons and Churches Most Vulnerable to Violent Attacks." One page, 8.5" x 11", [Alabama], January 14, 1957. From December 1, 1955, the day that Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to white passengers, until December 20, 1956, the African-American citizens of Montgomery, Alabama, took a stand against racial segregation by staging the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which ended with a United States Supreme Court decision declaring the Alabama and Montgomery laws unconstitutional. Two days after the landmark decision, a shotgun was fired through the front door of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s, home and cars full of Ku Klux Klan members drove through black neighborhoods shining lights in windows. Fearful of further violence directed at prominent leaders and churches involved in the boycott, this list was submitted to Tom Carlisle, chief of the Alabama Highway Patrol.

    The list contains the names of twenty-three civil rights activists, including Dr. King.; the Reverend H. H. Hubbard; Edgar D. Nixon, president of the local chapter of the NAACP and one of the organizers of the boycott, and his co-organizer, Jo Ann Robinson, president of the Women's Political Council; and Maude L. Ballou, personal secretary and close friend of Dr. King. Directly below is a list of churches that were also possible targets, including the Holt Street Baptist Church, one of the meeting places of the Montgomery Improvement Association, the guiding force behind the boycott, and Dr. King's Dexter Avenue Baptist Church.

    Printed on yellow, onionskin paper which is slightly wrinkled and chipped along the upper edge. Areas of light ink smudging and pin holes from ink burn.

    Auction Info

    Auction Dates
    October, 2013
    17th-18th Thursday-Friday
    Bids + Registered Phone Bidders: 4
    Lot Tracking Activity: N/A
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